#TodayInHistory – June 21
June 21 – Some important events on this day.
68 👉🏼 Roman General Vespasian conquers Jericho during the Great Jewish Revolt
1498 👉🏼 Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian
1547 👉🏼 Great fire in Moscow, 2-3,000 killed 🔥
1788 👉🏼 US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it.
The supreme law of the United States of America, the US Constitution was drafted by the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention which took place between May 25 and September 17, 1787.
It was the first constitution of its kind, and has influenced the constitutions of many other nations.
Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended 27 times.
1813 👉🏼 French defeated in Spain, ending the Peninsular War
1834 👉🏼 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine
1854 👉🏼 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)
1879 👉🏼 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful “F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store” on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
1893 👉🏼 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago’s Columbian Exposition).
1917 👉🏼 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
1948 👉🏼 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)
1982 👉🏼 John Hinckley found not guilty of 1981 attempted assassination of President Reagan by reason of insanity.
On March 30, 1981, US President Ronald Reagan, who was then only two months into his term, was shot in the lung by John Hinckley, Jr. as he left a speaking engagement in Washington D.C. Several people were injured, most gravely press secretary Jim Brady, who was wheelchair-bound for the rest of his life.
The attack represents the last assassination attempt in which a US President was injured. Reagan was rushed to hospital, where he underwent emergency surgery, joking to the doctors that he hoped they were all Republicans.
Hinckley tried to kill Reagan to impress actress Jodie Foster, who he had an obsession with after seeing her in Taxi Driver. Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity but was committed to psychiatric care until his release in September 2016.
1990 👉🏼 7.7 Manjil-Rudbar Earthquake with hundreds of aftershocks hits Iran, killing about 50,000.
The 7.7-magnitude tremor wrecked havoc on the simply constructed houses in the area.
Thirty minutes past midnight, with most people sleeping in their homes, a violent quake, centered along the shores of the Caspian Sea in northwestern Iran shattered the nighttime tranquility. A 20,000-square-mile area in the provinces of Zanjan and Gilan was absolutely devastated. This region encompasses both farms and sea resorts–all were demolished. In towns along one 80-mile stretch, every single building was reduced to rubble and every single resident was killed.
Additionally, a burst dam in Rasht, caused by a 6.5-magnitude aftershock the following morning, wiped out a large stretch of farmland. Landslides made many roads impassable and many of the people who initially survived under the rubble could not be rescued before their air supply ran out. An estimated 400,000 people were left homeless by the earthquake. Worldwide relief efforts were undertaken.
1993 👉🏼 English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat