#TodayInHistory – March 63 min read
March 6 – Some Important Events on this day
1454 👉🏼 Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights.
1479 👉🏼 Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa 🤝
1521 👉🏼 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam 🇬🇺
1799 👉🏼 Napoleon Bonaparte captures the city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire
1835 👉🏼 Volume One of Thomas Carlyle’s famous work “The French Revolution: A History” is accidentally burnt by a maid using it as fire starter before its publication. 😱 He re-writes it. ✍🏼
1836 👉🏼 Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 Texans.
One year earlier, Texas, which was then under the control of the Mexican Republic, rebelled against its overlords. Even if there was a fierce debate among Texians as to whether they wanted to declare independence or simply force a return to the freer Mexican constitution of 1824, eventually the rebels did declare independence in March 1836, shortly before the rebellion ended.
The most famous episode of the conflict was the Battle of the Alamo, when Texian soldiers fought for thirteen days against an onslaught of Mexican soldiers. Mexican General Santa Anna was determined to avenge Mexico’s honor after Texian soldiers and an influx of American volunteers had forced all Mexican troops to retreat from Texas. After a thirteen-day siege, Santa Anna’s forces stormed the Alamo fortress, killing virtually all of the Texian defenders, including folk hero Davy Crockett. News of the Mexican savagery led to a massive surge in recruitment to the Texian Army and an increase in American volunteers, as well as a retreat and evacuation of Texian soldiers, civilians and officials ahead of the advancing Mexican army.
However the battle created a strong sense of revenge among the new Texians, who defeated the Mexicans at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, ending the war. Mexico would never recognize an independent Texas. The new country was later annexed by the United States in 1845, leading to the Mexican-American War.
1853 👉🏼 Giuseppe Verdi’s Opera “La Traviata” premieres in Venice 🇮🇹
1857 👉🏼 Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens
1869 👉🏼 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society
1899 👉🏼 The so popular “Aspirin” (acetylsalicylic acid) was patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer 🇩🇪
1921 👉🏼 Police in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee 💃🏼
1964 👉🏼 Boxing legend Cassius Clay joins the Nation of Islam and changes his name to “Muhammad Ali”, calling his former title a “slave name” 🥊
1991 👉🏼 Following Iraq’s capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, US President George H. W. Bush told Congress that “aggression is defeated. The war is over”
2018 👉🏼 World’s oldest message in a bottle found in Western Australia, thrown from German ship Paula 132 years ago (12 June 1886) 🍾