#TodayInHistory – March 142 min read
March 14 – Some Important Events on this day
1369 👉🏼 Battle of Montiel: King of Castille and Leon Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II
1590 👉🏼 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion.
The French Wars of Religion between the Catholics and the Huguenots (Protestants) were an exceptionally brutal conflict that claimed the lives of at least three million people over a 30 year period. Henry VI of France, a Protestant, launched a four year war of succession when Henry III died in 1589.
Large parts of France were in the hands of the Catholic League when he launched his uprising. On the road to Paris, Henry VI and his English allies fought the Catholic League at Ivry. The decisive victory allowed Henry to besiege Paris, but he was told he would never be allowed in the city if he wasn’t Catholic. He would later convert to Catholicism and reign France until 1610.
1794 👉🏼 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states 🇺🇸
1847 👉🏼 Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi’s “Macbeth” at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence 🇮🇹
1899 👉🏼 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin receives a US patent for a “Navigable Balloon”
1900 👉🏼 Dutch botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel’s laws of genetics 🇳🇱
1900 👉🏼 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
1913 👉🏼 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid. All Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid 👰
1931 👉🏼 1st theater built for rear movie projection (NYC) 🎥
1943 👉🏼 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is “liquidated”
2013 👉🏼 Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People’s Republic of China 🇨🇳