#TodayInHistory – March 18
March 18 – Some Important Events on this day
37 👉🏼 Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (aka Caligula = Little Boots) emperor
1123 👉🏼 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified
1314 👉🏼 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France
1325 👉🏼 According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico
1662 👉🏼 First public bus service begins, promoted by Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal, operate in Paris as the Carosses a Cinq Sous until 1675.
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1834 👉🏼 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union
1890 👉🏼 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II
1900 👉🏼 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia’s efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
1902 👉🏼 Arnold Schoenberg’s “Verklärte Nacht” premieres in Vienna 🇦🇹
1920 👉🏼 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar 📅
1922 👉🏼 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
1940 👉🏼 Benito Mussolini and Italy join Adolf Hitler in Germany’s war against France and Britain
1965 👉🏼 Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
In many respects the Soviet Union was ahead of the United States in the Space Race for several years, especially the early efforts in the 1950s, with the launch of the Sputnik satellite in 1957.
They also beat the US to the famous activity of ‘spacewalking’ – that is, common jargon for conducting extra-vehicular activity while in space. Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, a Soviet Air Force pilot, was chosen for this task. When Leonov exited the capsule on this day, his spacesuit had inflated so much in the vacuum of space that he could barely get back inside the capsule at the end: he had to open a valve on his suit to let some pressure out before just making it back inside.
America wasn’t far behind: the first spacewalk of a US astronaut occurred just 3 months later when Edward H. White II went outside his capsule on the Gemini IV mission.
1990 👉🏼 Largest art robbery in US history: 13 works of art worth over $500 million are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston 🇺🇸