#TodayInHistory – March 253 min read
March 25 – Some Important Events on this day
31 👉🏼 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus 🐣
421 👉🏼 Friday at 12 PM – city of Venice founded 🇮🇹
1199 👉🏼 Richard I, Lion Heart, King o f England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France, leads to his death on April 6
1436 👉🏼 Florentine cathedral Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore with dome by Filippo Brunelleschi consecrated by Pope Eugene IV
1609 👉🏼 Explorer and navigator Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Company to find a passage to Asia. In his life, he made two attempts to find a prospective Northwest Passage to China via a route above the Arctic Circle while in the employ of the Dutch East India Company.
While he didn’t find the passage, Hudson did explore the region around modern New York and the river which now bears his name. Thus laying the foundations for Dutch colonization of the region.
It is presumed he died in 1611 after being set adrift by mutineers in Hudson Bay on his ship Discovery and never seen again.
1807 👉🏼 British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; penalty of £120 per slave introduced for ship captains.
One of the first groups in Britain to organize an opposition to slavery in the Empire was the “Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade”, formed in 1787. Twenty years later they found themselves with a large group in the British parliament that supported their ideals, finding slavery an abhorrent blight upon humanity.
People such as William Wilberforce, one of the leading English abolitionists, had been prominent campaigners for abolishing slavery. Their parliamentary majority increased, including by the introduction of 100 Irish MPs into the House of Commons in 1800, most of whom were in favor of getting rid of the trade.
On 23 February 1807 the House passed the bill with an overwhelming vote of 283 votes to 16. Then, on this day, the bill became law when King George III signed it.
Though the slave trade was outlawed it continued to some Caribbean countries for a time, and it would not be for another quarter of a century before Britain completely outlawed the practice of slavery in 1833.
1846 👉🏼 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Sydney to a hero’s welcome after completing his exploration of Australia’s Northern Territory.
1885 👉🏼 A famous 19th-century murder victim whose identity is still a mystery was found in Rahway, New Jersey.
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1895 👉🏼 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1898 👉🏼 Swami Vivekananda initiates Margaret Noble (Sister Nivedita) into vow of Brahmacharya, first western woman received into Indian monastic order
1960 👉🏼 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)
2019 👉🏼 British Airways flight from London mistakenly flies to Edinburgh, Scotland instead of Düsseldorf, Germany when wrong flight plan submitted