#TodayInHistory – April 3
April 3 – Some Important Events on this day
1367 👉🏼 Battle of Navarrete, La Rioja, Castile: alliance of King Peter of Castile and the English defeats Count Henry of Castile.
When Alfonso XI of Castile died in 1350 he was succeeded by Peter, called either The Just by his supporters or The Cruel by his opponents. After 16 years of rule, a civil war began when his half-brother Henry, backed by French and Aroganese nobleman and mercenaries. The war quickly became a part of the Hundred Years’ War between France and England when Peter fled to English-controlled Gascoigne and petitioned Edward, the Black Prince (the heir to the English throne) for support, which he received.
At Navarrete (or Nájera) the two nobles fought and Peter I won on the field, but failed to kill Henry. Eventually Henry would win the conflict three years later after he killed his brother in battle at Montiel. He was crowned Henry II of Castile and would become an important ally to the French against the English.
1645 👉🏼 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army
1848 👉🏼 Prussian explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson’s Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River in Australia.
1868 👉🏼 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever: a 15-meter tidal wave
1910 👉🏼 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska’s Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
1922 👉🏼 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin
1948 👉🏼 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
1953 👉🏼 American magazine “TV Guide” publishes 1st issue, features on the cover the new born baby of actors Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz Jr.
TV Guide cost just 15 cents when it was first published by Triangle Publications in the US in ten cities selling 1,560,000 copies. By the 1960s it was the most widely read magazine in the country.
Published in digest form for the first 52 years of its life today the magazine still features stories on upcoming TV programs.
1957 👉🏼 The computer that came by truck. ✔️Read the article!
1973 👉🏼 1st mobile phone call is made in downtown Manhattan, NYC by Motorola employee Martin Cooper to the Bell Labs headquarters in New Jersey
1882 👉🏼 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph
2016 👉🏼 Panama Papers published – 11.5 million confidential documents from offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca expose widespread illegal activities including fraud, kleptocracy, tax evasion and the violation of international sanctions by the world’s elite in the world’s largest ever data leak