#TodayInHistory – April 21
April 21 – Some important events on this day
753 BC 👉🏼 Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date)
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1526 👉🏼 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India.
The Mughal forces led by their commander Babur defeated the forces of the Delhi sultanate, destroying its influence in northern India and marking the beginnings of the Mughal Empire.
Babur’s army was vastly outnumbered, an estimated 10,000 of his men faced off against 100,000 of Lodi’s and 1,000 elephants by the city of Panipat. However the Mugal forces were better trained and better equipped; the battle marks the first use of gunpowder weapons. The Mughal tied 700 carts together to create temporary fortifications and its cavalry completed a flanking move that left 6,000 of the sultan’s forces dead, including Lodi himself.
1792 👉🏼 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro 🇧🇷
1796 👉🏼 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
1820 👉🏼 Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted is the first to identify electromagnetism, when he observes a compass needle. He investigated further and published his findings. For his work The Royal Society of London awarded him the Copley Medal. The oersted, the centimetre-gram-second system (CGS) unit of magnetic induction is named after him.
Ørsted was also the first to formulate aluminium in 1825.
1836 👉🏼 Texas militia routes Mexicans in the Battle of San Jacinto.
During the Texan War for Independence, the Texas militia under Sam Houston launches a surprise attack against the forces of Mexican General Santa Anna along the San Jacinto River. The Mexicans were thoroughly routed, and hundreds were taken prisoner, including General Santa Anna himself.
1863 👉🏼 Bahá’u’lláh, founder of the Bahá’í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there.
1898 👉🏼 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain.
1918 👉🏼 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen “The Red Baron”, shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill.
1952 👉🏼 Secretaries’ Day (now Administrative Professionals’ Day) is first celebrated
1956 👉🏼 Elvis Presley’s 1st hit record, “Heartbreak Hotel”, becomes #1 🎶
1959 👉🏼 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16′ 10″ great white shark off the coast of Ceduna, Australia 🇦🇺
1967 👉🏼 General Motors celebrates 100 millionth U.S.-made car 🚗
1983 👉🏼 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom 🇬🇧
1989 👉🏼 Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political freedom