#TodayInHistory – April 29
April 29 – Some important events on this day
1429 👉🏼 Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans
1522 👉🏼 Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-general of Netherlands.
1623 👉🏼 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru 🇵🇪
1701 👉🏼 Drenthe, Netherlands, adopts Gregorian calendar 📆
1769 👉🏼 Scottish engineer James Watt’s patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913).
1834 👉🏼 Charles Darwin’s expedition sees the top of the Andes Mountains from Patagonia
1852 👉🏼 1st edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published.
Best known for publishing the “Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases” (Roget’s Thesaurus) on this day, Roget was also a physician who studied tuberculosis and the effects of nitrous oxide (laughing gas).
1862 👉🏼 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
1863 👉🏼 William Randolph Hearst: the “father” of fake news was born on this day. ✔️READ THE ARTICLE!
1864 👉🏼 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga.
It was one of the biggest battles of the New Zealand wars fought between the indigenous Maori and British forces. The British, led by General Cameron, attacked Gate Pa (Pukehinahina), unaware of extensive trench fortifications around it engineered by Pene Taka Tuaia. The British attack was repulsed and the result was a famous Maori victory.
1916 👉🏼 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising
1945 👉🏼 US Army liberates 31,601 people from the Dachau Nazi concentration camp in Germany
1945 👉🏼 During the night of April 28-29, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun marry, only hours before they both committed suicide. Eva met Adolf while employed as an assistant to Hitler’s official photographer.
1953 👉🏼 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV.
1975 👉🏼 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war.
Dutch photographer Hubert van Es’s iconic photo of the evacuation of Saigon shows desperate Vietnamese trying to board one of the last helicopters out of the city on this day from the US C.I.A building.
It was part of the largest-ever helicopter evacuation, ordered by President Ford and code-named Operation Frequent Wind. It was made necessary after damage to nearby runways at the airport. Over 7,000 people were ferried from Saigon to US carriers out to sea, including US citizens and the Vietnamese who had supported the US effort.
1990 👉🏼 Wrecking cranes began tearing down the Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate
1991 👉🏼 Cyclone strikes the Chittagong district in Bangladesh, killing 139,000 people and leaving 10 million homeless 🌪
1997 👉🏼 Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 comes into force, outlaws production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories
2018 👉🏼 Animated series “The Simpsons” surpasses “Gunsmoke”‘s 635-episode count to have highest episode count of any series on TV 📺