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#TodayInHistory – May 13

May 13 – Some important events on this day

1637 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly creates the table knife ๐Ÿ”ช
1643 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile, killing 1/3 of population
1767 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s first opera “Apollo et Hyacinthus”, written when he was 11 years old, premieres in Salzburg ๐ŸŽถ

1787 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia.
He led the First Fleet to Australia and founded the penal colony at Port Jackson, later the city of Sydney, in 1788. Arthur Philip served as the colony’s first Governor during its first difficult years until 1792. He is remembered for his enlightened attitudes towards the indigenous Aboriginal people and for his efforts to avoid famine and ensure supplies reached the struggling colony. โœ”๏ธ READ THE ARTICLE !

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1830 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ
1848 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First performance of Finland’s national anthem ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ
1909 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First Giro d’Italia takes place in Milan – Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna is the winner ๐Ÿšฒ
1934 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
1940 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Winston Churchill says “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” in his first speech as Prime Minister to British House of Commons
1942 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight ๐Ÿš
1950 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First ever race of the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship is run at Silverstone, England and won by Giuseppe Farina of italy in an Alfa Romeo ๐ŸŽ

1958 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The motorcade carrying US Vice President Richard Nixon is attacked in Caracas, Venezuela and several of Nixon’s staff are injured.
The visit of Nixon to South America was a carefully-planned and highly symbolic trip, and the role of the Latin American countries in the grip of the Cold War was unclear.
Yet the visit to Venezuela took place on hostile terms. Earlier in the year the US government granted asylum to the unpopular dictator Marcos Pรฉrez Jimรฉnez who had been overthrown in a revolution. In his place was Admiral Wolfgang Larrazรกbal whose candidacy was supported, among others, by the Venezuelan Communist Party.
So it was that when Nixon’s motorcade traveled through Caracas crowds of communist supporters launched themselves on his vehicle and began smashing their windows with their fists and with stones. Many were injured in the altercation, including Nixon’s secretary and his translator.
The motorcade eventually escaped and made it to the US Embassy. In response, Nixon left Caracas seven hours early and returned to America. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, furious at the attack, said to his staff “I am about ready to go put my uniform on”. He ordered twelve battleships to Venezeula on standby, compelling the government in Caracas to protect Nixon thereafter.
The Venezuelan police had refused to intervene in the attack, and the incident had a big impact on Nixon. It hardened his attitude to Latin America, he later said all of Latin America (except Colombia, where he had been well received) were too immature for democracy, and he would gather with Vernon Walters, another survivor of the attack, to celebrate privately every year on May 13.
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1981 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter’s Square, Vatican City
1989 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Approx 2,000 students begin hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ
2017 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 22 year old UK blogger halts spread of global ransomware cyber-attack by accidentally identifying “kill switch”
2019 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Diary of Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt’s last days rediscovered and displayed for the 400th anniversary of his execution.

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