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#TodayInHistory – May 17

May 17 โ€“ Some important events on this day

218 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet โ˜„๏ธ
1527 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pรกnfilo de Narvรกez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men – by 1536 only 4 survive
1536 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Anne Boleyn’s 4 “lovers” executed shortly before her own beheading.
1792 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street
1803 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ John Hawkins & Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
1824 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The diaries of Lord Byron are burnt by six of the poet’s friends at the office of John Murray in London, sometimes described as โ€œthe greatest crime in literary historyโ€ ๐Ÿ“”

1861 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First color photograph of a tartan ribbon shown by Scottish scientist James Clerk Maxwell to the Royal Institution in London.
James Clerk Maxwell’s portrayal of electromagnetic forces as โ€œfieldsโ€ revolutionized physics in the 19th century. Maxwell took the work of Michael Faraday and created a mathematical formula that linked magnetism and electricity. His work created a basis for modern electrical engineering and paved the way for x-rays and radar.
Maxwell’s other achievements included work on color including producing what was probably the first color photograph on this day. He also produced ground-breaking work on the kinetic theory of gases, and on the nature of Saturnโ€™s rings.

1884 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Alaska becomes a US territory
1906 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Switzerland’s Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ

1959 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Sanctuary of Christ the King inaugurated, a 28 meter high monument and shrine overlooking Lisbon, Portugal by sculptor Francisco Franco de Sousa.
Inspired by Rio de Janeiro’s Christ the Redeemer monumental statue in Brazil, the Sanctuary of the King was built by the Portuguese Episcopate between 1949 and 1959. It is situated in Almada, across the Tagus River from Portugal’s capital.
It depicts Christ the King with his arms outstretched and expresses Portugal’s gratitude for making it through WWII.

1961 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Fidel Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
1973 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Senate Watergate Committee begins its hearings
1990 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ World Health Organization takes homosexuality out of its list of mental illnesses

2004 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Massachusetts becomes the first U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage.
Marcia Kadish, 56, and Tanya McCloskey, 52, of Malden, Massachusetts, marry at Cambridge City Hall in Massachusetts, becoming the first legally married same-sex partners in the United States. Over the course of the day, 77 other same-sex couples tied the knot across the state, and hundreds more applied for marriage licenses. The day was characterized by much celebration and only a few of the expected protests took place.

2014 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The center-right Hindu Nationalist Party, the BJP, wins landslide election victory in India ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ

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