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#TodayInHistory – May 28

May 28 – Some important events on this day.

585 BC 👉🏼 Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians at war with the Medes leads to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated. 🌚
1431 👉🏼 Joan of Arc is accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, providing justification for her execution
1588 👉🏼 Spanish Armada under the Duke of Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
1742 👉🏼 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman’s Fields, London) 🏊

1830 👉🏼 US President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the Army to force Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes out of Georgia and surrounding states, setting the stage for the Cherokee Trail of Tears.It was US President Andrew Jackson’s policy to removing Native Americans from their ancestral lands to make way for settlers and speculators that led to the infamous Trail of Tears in the 1830s.The Cherokees of Georgia initially tried legal means to resist the policy and actually won their case in the US Supreme Court. However President Jackson refused to acknowledge the judgement and 20,000 were eventually marched west at gunpoint. A quarter of their number would perish on the journey.

1934 👉🏼 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.

1936 👉🏼 Alan Turing submits “On Computable Numbers” for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.In January 1937 the English mathematician Alan Turing published his paper “On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem”. In it he asserted that decision problems are undecidable using a theoretical machine. By coming up with his universal Turing machine, Turing foreshadowed the invention of the digital computer. Today the Turing Award, the ‘Nobel prize of computing’ greatest honor is named in his honor.

1937 👉🏼 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic

1937 👉🏼 Volkswagen is founded.On this day, the government of Germany, then under the control of Adolf Hitler of the National Socialist (Nazi) Party, forms a new state-owned automobile company, then known as Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH. Later that year, it was renamed simply Volkswagenwerk, or “The People’s Car Company.” ✔️ READ THE ARTICLE!

1959 👉🏼 Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 miles (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, become 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
1961 👉🏼 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on the Orient Express (after 78 years)
1972 👉🏼 White House “plumbers” first break in at the Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C.

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