June 28 – Some important events on this day.
1389 👉🏼 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe
1519 👉🏼 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V
1776 👉🏼 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress.
Signed by representatives from 13 states on 4th July 1776 the declaration was a statement adopted by the Second Congressional Congress and the first step toward forming an independence United States.
The declaration was drafted by Thomas Jefferson and edited by the Committee of Five headed by John Adams before being further refined by Congress. It was first printed and disseminated by John Dunlap in Philadelphia and then sent across America. A copy reached the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army George Washington who read it to his troops on the 9th July.
The engrossed version of the Declaration with its signatures was requested by Congress in 1777 and it is this copy that resides on display in the National Archives. By 1820 the document was already showing some wear so an engraving was made and it is this engraved image which is now the mostly widely known image and that pictured here.
1820 👉🏼 Tomato is proven to be non-poisonous by Colonel Robert Gibbon eating a tomato on steps of courthouse in Salem, New Jersey 🍅
1838 👉🏼 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London.
Queen Victoria was crowned on this day at Westminster Abbey a year after she succeeded William IV to the British throne aged 18. The day is remembered for the splendid procession from Buckingham Palace to the Abbey, with some 400,00 spectators lining the streets, having taken advantage of the new railways to come to London for the occasion.
The ceremony took five hours and was attended by dignitaries from across Europe. Queen Victoria was crowned with the Imperial State Crown by the Archbishop of Canterbury before a 41 double royal gun salute rang out across London. This painting is by the court painter George Hayter who also painted her official coronation portrait.
1846 👉🏼 Saxophone is patented by Antoine-Joseph “Adolfe” Sax 🎷
1859 👉🏼 1st dog show held in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England 🐕
1914 👉🏼 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45. It was the start of World War I.
1917 👉🏼 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam 🥔
1918 👉🏼 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands 🌴
1919 👉🏼 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
2019 👉🏼 Highest-ever temperature recorded in France 45.9C in Gallargues-le-Montueux, southern France 🔥