#TodayInHistory – June 292 min read
June 29 – Some important events on this day.
512 👉🏼 A solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. 🌓
1534 👉🏼 Jacques Cartier discovers Prince Edward Islands Canada.
He explored and claimed what is now Canada for France. In addition, he was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River.
These he named “The Country of Canadas”, after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona (Quebec City) and at Hochelaga (Montreal Island).
1613 👉🏼 Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre in London, England, burns down during a performance of “Henry VIII”
1755 👉🏼 515 prominant filipinos baptized as Catholic
1850 👉🏼 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse. He dies three days later. 🐎
1854 👉🏼 Netherlands allows corporal punishment
1900 👉🏼 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
1949 👉🏼 South Africa begins implementing apartheid: no mixed marriages
1958 👉🏼 Pelé leads Brazil to first World Cup title.
On this day, Brazil defeats host nation Sweden 5-2 to win its first World Cup. Brazil came into the tournament as a favorite, and did not disappoint, thrilling the world with their spectacular play, which was often referred to as the “beautiful game.”
The star of the tournament was an undersized midfielder named Edson Arantes do Nascimento, known the world over as Pelé.
1964 👉🏼 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed after 83-day filibuster in the US Senate
1966 👉🏼 Vietnam War: US planes bomb the North Vietnamese capital Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong for the first time
1972 👉🏼 Supreme Court strikes down death penalty.
In Furman v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court rules by a vote of 5-4 that capital punishment, as it is currently employed on the state and federal level, is unconstitutional. The majority held that, in violation of the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution, the death penalty qualified as “cruel and unusual punishment,” primarily because states employed execution in “arbitrary and capricious ways,” especially in regard to race.
1990 👉🏼 World’s first female diocesan Anglican bishop, Dr Penny Jamieson, appointed in New Zealand 🇳🇿
1994 👉🏼 US reopens Guantanamo Naval Base to process refugees
2008 👉🏼 Thomas Beatie, the world’s first pregnant man, gives birth to a daughter 👧