#TodayInHistory – July 5
July 5 – Some important events on this day.
1166 👉🏼 Austrian town of Bad Kleinkirchheim is first mentioned, in an ecclesiastical document 🇦🇹
1643 👉🏼 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts) 🌪
1687 👉🏼 Isaac Newton’s great work Principia published by Royal Society in England, outlining his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
1791 👉🏼 Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver, British Columbia)
1811👉🏼 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain.
On this day, representatives of the Venezuelan provinces met and signed a declaration of independence from the Spanish Empire. A civil war had been raging throughout the colony, and although total independence would not be achieved immediately, Venezuela was still the first Spanish American colony to declare independence.
The first government of Venezuela fell following an earthquake in the capital Caracas and a Spanish military victory. Latin American hero Simon Bolivar launched a campaign to reinstate the free republic but was also defeated. It would not be until 1823 that his efforts were finally successful, and Venezuela became an independent country known as Gran Colombia (along with modern day Colombia, Panama and Ecuador).
1841 👉🏼 Thomas Cook opens first travel agency ✈️
1852 👉🏼 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his ‘What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?’ speech to the Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham
1865 👉🏼 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
1946 👉🏼 Louis Reard’s design for a bikini swimsuit debuts at the Paris fashion show.
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1975 👉🏼 At Knebworth Festival in England, Pink Floyd debut their album “Wish You Were Here” with pyrotechnics and an exploding plane which flies into the stage
1994 👉🏼 Amazon.com founded in Bellevue, Washington by Jeff Bezos
2003 👉🏼 SARS is declared “contained” by the WHO after affecting 26 countries and resulting in 774 deaths.
2004 👉🏼 First Indonesian presidential election by the people – first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
2012 👉🏼 The Shard, the tallest building in Europe, is opened in London, at 309.6 metres
2017 👉🏼 Followers of Indian spiritual leader Ashutosh Mahara win a court case, 3 years after his death, to keep his body in a freezer in case he should return to life ⚰️
2017 👉🏼 Volvo Cars announces all new models by 2019 will be either hybrids or battery powered, 1st automaker to do so 🚘