#TodayInHistory – July 11
July 11 – Some important events on this day.
1274 👉🏼 Robert the Bruce, more formally known as King Robert I of Scotland, was born on this day. He was a fierce warrior-king, who led the Scots in a number of battles trying to win independence from England, despite he is probably best known for his alleged encounter with a spider….✔️READ THE ARTICLE!
1405 👉🏼 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time
1533 👉🏼 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England’s King Henry VIII
1735 👉🏼 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant ‘planet’ from the Sun for the last time before 1979
1804 👉🏼 Aaron Burr slays Alexander Hamilton in duel.
In one of the most famous duels in American history, Vice President Aaron Burr fatally shoots his long-time political antagonist Alexander Hamilton. Hamilton, a leading Federalist and the chief architect of America’s political economy, died the following day.
1818 👉🏼 English poet John Keats writes “In the Cottage Where Burns is Born”, “Lines Written in the Highlands”, and “Gadfly”
1848 👉🏼 London’s Waterloo Station opens
1877 👉🏼 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
1900 👉🏼 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
1944 👉🏼 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
1960 👉🏼 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
1969 👉🏼 David Bowie releases the single “Space Oddity” 9 days before Apollo 11 lands on the moon
1995 👉🏼 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men are massacred when Bosnian Serbs overrun the UN ‘safe haven’ of Srebrenica
2015 👉🏼 Mexican drug lord Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house