#TodayInHistory – July 20
July 20 – Some important events on this day.
1304 👉🏼 Wars of Scottish Independence: fall of Stirling Castle – King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war
1837 👉🏼 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city’s 1st intercity railway station.
The original Euston railway Station was London’s first mainline station and the first station to connect London with another city. Planned by George and Robert Stephenson, it was designed by Philip Hardwick and opened on this day.
When the station was first proposed its land was still farmland but it quickly became one of London’s busiest stations. It was controversially redeveloped in the 1960s and its original entrance portico, the Doric Euston Arch, dismantled.
1855 👉🏼 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
1881 👉🏼 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops
1921 👉🏼 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the floor of US House of Representatives
1935 👉🏼 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
1944 👉🏼 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg
1954 👉🏼 Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North and South
1960 👉🏼 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
1969 👉🏼 Apollo 11 lunar module carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin lands on the surface of the Moon; Aldrin and Armstrong walk on the moon seven hours later; Michael Collins remains in orbit in the lunar module.
1976 👉🏼 US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing
2005 👉🏼 Canada becomes the fourth country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage, after the bill C-38 receives its Royal Assent
2017 👉🏼 China announces a plan against “foreign garbage” banning 24 categories of plastic and recyclable waste from 2018