#TodayInHistory – July 24
July 24 – Some important events on this day.
1487 👉🏼 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, rebel against ban on foreign beer
1534 👉🏼 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France
1567 👉🏼 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots
1793 👉🏼 France passes 1st copyright law
1823 👉🏼 Slavery is abolished in Chile
1824 👉🏼 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll, with a clear lead for Andrew Jackson. Nicknamed ‘Old Hickory’, Jackson served as the 7th President of the United States (1829-1837).
1832 👉🏼 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming’s South Pass
1851 👉🏼 Citizens of the United Kingdom were allowed light and air in their homes without having to pay for it. The long-hated Window Tax had finally been scrapped.
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1911 👉🏼 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas
1941 👉🏼 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
1943 👉🏼 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
1959 👉🏼 US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Nikita Khrushchev, known as “Kitchen Debate”.
In 1959, US Vice President Richard Nixon traveled to the capital of America’s communist arch-enemy, the Soviet Union. He was there to visit an American exhibition being held in the city; a house had been built as a set that the American designers claimed every family in America could pay for.
During their joint visit to the kitchen of this model unit, Khrushchev and Nixon debated each other on the merits of communism versus capitalism, using the technological developments of the age to make their arguments.
The debates were rebroadcast in both countries, though the Soviet broadcast did not translate some of Nixon’s remarks. Nixon managed to impress not just the Soviet leader but also the American public, increasing his chances for the Republic Party presidential nomination in 1960 – though he would lose to John F. Kennedy.
1969 👉🏼 Apollo 11 returns to Earth
1975 👉🏼 Giorgio Armani and Sergio Galeotti found Giorgio Armani S.p.A. in Milan, Italy
2001 👉🏼 Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, is sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becoming the first monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
2005 👉🏼 92nd Tour de France: no winner; Lance Armstrong retires after winning a record seventh consecutive victory but disqualified in 2012 for doping
2019 👉🏼 Global warming is the fastest in 2,000 years and scientific consensus that humans are the cause is at 99%, according to three major reports published in journals “Nature” and “Nature Geoscience”