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#TodayInHistory – July 28

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July 28 – Some important events on this day.

1148 👉🏼 Second Crusade: Crusaders abandon their siege of Damascus
1330 👉🏼 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army
1794 👉🏼 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of “the Terror” guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
1851 👉🏼 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
1866 👉🏼 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
1900 👉🏼 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
1914 👉🏼 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia – first declaration of war of WWI
1917 👉🏼 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching
1932 👉🏼 “White Zombie” – 1st feature length zombie film directed by Victor Halperin and starring Béla Lugos is released in the US
1943 👉🏼 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
1945 👉🏼 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

1945 👉🏼 “Elevator girl” Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall. ✔️READ THE ARTICLE!

1951 👉🏼 Walt Disney’s animated musical film “Alice In Wonderland” released.

1976 👉🏼 Tangshan Earthquake, 8.2 in magnitude kills over 240,000 Northern China in the largest loss of life from an earthquake in the 20th century.
At 3:42 a.m., an earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 magnitude on the Richter scale flattens Tangshan, a Chinese industrial city with a population of about one million people. As almost everyone was asleep in their beds, instead of outside in the relative safety of the streets, the quake was especially costly in terms of human life. An estimated 242,000 people in Tangshan and surrounding areas were killed, making the earthquake one of the deadliest in recorded history, surpassed only by the 300,000 who died in the Calcutta earthquake in 1737, and the 830,000 thought to have perished in China’s Shaanxi province in 1556.

1978 👉🏼 600,000 attend the “Summer Jam” rock festival at Watkins Glen, New York, at the time the largest ever audience at a pop festival
2005 👉🏼 The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland
2061👉🏼 31st predicted perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet

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