#TodayInHistory – August 2
August 2 – Some important events on this day.
338 BC 👉🏼 Macedonian army led by Philip II defeats combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean
216 BC 👉🏼 Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats numerically superior Roman army under command consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro
1610 👉🏼 Henry Hudson enters the bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay
1776 👉🏼 Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians)
1790 👉🏼 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves
1832 👉🏼 Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US
1858 👉🏼 Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown
1937 👉🏼 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
1945 👉🏼 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.
1945 👉🏼 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends.
Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, British Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later Clement Attlee and US President Harry Truman gathered in Potsdam, Germany to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany.
Germany had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on 8 May.
The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaty issues and countering the effects of the war.
1989 👉🏼 NASA confirmed Voyager 2’s discovery of 3 more moons of Neptune designated temporarily 1989 N2, 1989 N3 & 1989 N24
2017 👉🏼 First footage of white giraffes posted by Hirola Conservation Program in north eastern Kenya
2018 👉🏼 Apple becomes the first American public listed company to reach $1 trillion in value