#TodayInHistory – September 2
September 2 – Some important events on this day.
31 BC 👉🏼 Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian’s forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.
1192 👉🏼 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade
1666 👉🏼 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed.
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1792 👉🏼 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
1864 👉🏼 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)
1867 👉🏼 1st girls School opens in Haarlem, The Netherlands
1898 👉🏼 Machine gun 1st used in battle
1902 👉🏼 “A Trip To The Moon”, the first sci-fi film, released
1944 👉🏼 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp
1945 👉🏼 V-J Day, formal Surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US).
The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was the written agreement that formalized the unconditional surrender of the Empire of Japan, which marked the end of World War II.
The ceremony which lasted 23 minutes was held aboard the deck of the USS Missouri and was broadcast throughout the world.
The instrument was first signed by the Japanese foreign minister Mamoru Shigemitsu “By Command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government” at 9:04 am.
U.S. General of the Army Douglas MacArthur accepted and signed the surrender in his capacity as Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
It was later also signed by representatives from the Republic of China, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, Australia, Canada, France, Netherlands and New Zealand.
1945 👉🏼 Vietnam declares its independence from France
1969 👉🏼 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
1993 👉🏼 Central African Republic ex-emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa freed.
For ten years Jean-Bédel Bokassa had reigned with an iron fist in the Central African Republic, having ousted his distant cousin from office when he was the head of the armed forces.
Attempting to emulate his idol, Napoleon Bonaparte, Bokassa had himself declared the Emperor of the Central African Republic. His coronation was unbelievably decadent: he spent some $20 million US dollars – more than a third of the country’s national income – on the occasion. No foreign leaders attended, and he was considered a laughing stock by much of the world.
The Central African Empire lasted only three years before Bokassa was himself overthrown in an operation by the French military. He was exiled to France and tried in absentia, though later returned and was tried again. He served six years of a life sentence before being released in 1993, dying three years later.
2012 👉🏼 15 people are killed by a car bomb attack at a refugee camp in Sbeineh, Palestine
2012 👉🏼 A decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters is lifted from State television in Egypt