#TodayInHistory – September 5
September 5 – Some important events on this day.
1519 👉🏼 Second Battle of Tehuacingo, Mexico: Hernán Cortés vs Tlascala Aztecs
1666 👉🏼 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead.
1698 👉🏼 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards
1774 👉🏼 Twelve of the thirteen American colonies adopt a trade embargo against Great Britain at the first Continental Congress at Carpenters’ Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1793 👉🏼 French Revolution: the “Reign of Terror” begins
1838 👉🏼 Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
1839 👉🏼 The First Opium War begins in China
1844 👉🏼 Iron ore discovered in Minnesota’s Mesabi Mountains
1847 👉🏼 Jesse James, infamous American outlaw, was born on this day.
Even if he is depicted by some as a Robin Hood figure, taking from the rich and giving to the poor, over a sixteen-year period he and his gang robbed (and murdered) people in a half-dozen states.
He claimed to have killed 17 people and was certainly responsible for 12 murders. There is no evidence that he handed on the spoils of his crimes and it is believed that he and his gang kept the money for themselves.
1889 👉🏼 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
1944 👉🏼 “Mad Tuesday” 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
1960 👉🏼 The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.
2009 👉🏼 Denmark celebrates the first national flagday, in memory of the fallen Danes in international operations since 1948.
2017 👉🏼 Hurricane Irma becomes the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic Basin region with winds of 185mph (280km/h)
Hurricane Irma was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the open Atlantic region, and was extremely destructive to several countries it hit: Barbuda, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands, as well as in the mainland USA.
The hurricane formed on August 30 and dissipated on September 30, 2017. It became a Category 5 Hurricane on September 5, with maximum sustained winds of 180mph (280km/h). The destruction was severe as it traversed the Caribbean, with 95% of buildings on the island of Barbuda destroyed. Most residents were evacuated to Antigua, rendering the island uninhabited for the first time in modern history. A number of other Caribbean islands were completely devastated by the storm.
Irma made landfall in the US state of Florida as a Category 3, where it caused widespread damage, with a minimum of $50 billion, though not as much as had been forecast.
The affected areas had little respite however, as Hurricane Maria formed two weeks later, hitting some of the same areas and devastating Puerto Rico.
2019 👉🏼 Erramatti Mangamma becomes the world’s oldest living mother giving birth to twins aged 74 in Hyderabad, India