#TodayInHistory – September 7
September 7 – Some important events on this day.
1251 BC 👉🏼 A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.
70 👉🏼 Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem
1714 👉🏼 Treaty of Baden: Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI & France, ends War of Spanish Succession, French retain Alsace, Austria gets bank of Rhine
1813 👉🏼 “Uncle Sam” 1st used to refer to the US, by Troy Post of New York
1822 👉🏼 Pedro I, son of King Joao VI declares Brazil’s independence from Portugal (National Day).
1888 👉🏼 Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York.
It wasn’t that long ago that looking after a newborn was done solely in the home. As a result childbirth was often a dangerous time – any premature or sick babies often died without care.
After the Industrial Revolution, hospitals started to group newborns into special units, known as neonatal intensive care units. From there, the first incubators were invented. Edith Eleanor McLean, the baby in the photo above, was the first child in America to be placed into such a device.
Incubators replicate ideal conditions for newborns, particularly premature births, by providing oxygen, protection from the cold and protection from infections.
1902 👉🏼 In Australia, the whole nation observes a ‘day of humiliation’ and prays for rain, as a terrible drought kills livestock and threatens crops; rain begins to appear on 10 September
1909 👉🏼 Eugene Lefebvre becomes first pilot to die in an airplane craft, while test piloting new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy
1910 👉🏼 In the Hague, the International Court arbitrates a fishing-rights dispute between the US and Newfoundland (still separate from Canada)
1911 👉🏼 French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and jailed on suspicion of stealing Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum in Paris.
1923 👉🏼 Interpol forms in Vienna
1940 👉🏼 Beginning of the Blitz: the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain
1980 👉🏼 Cape Verde adopts its constitution
2011 👉🏼 Plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team
2014 👉🏼 Asteroid 2014 RC makes a close approach to Earth (39,900 km; 24,800 mi)