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#TodayInHistory – January 21

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January 21 – Some important events on this day

1525 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz’s mother in Zรผrich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union
1789 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st American novel, WH Brown’s “Power of Sympathy” is published
1793 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason
1813 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First reference to pineapple cultivation in Hawaii in diary entry by Francisco de Paula Marin
1846 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st edition of Charles Dickens’ newspaper “The Daily News”
1863 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
1899 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Opel manufactures its first automobile
1908 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ “Sullivan Ordinance” is passed in NYC, making it illegal for a woman to smoke in public places. It was vetoed 2 weeks later by mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
1924 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Vladimir Lenin dies
1941 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
1952 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Jawaharlal Nehru’s Congress party wins general election in India
1934 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Parisian baker and “student of medieval life” Henri Littiรจre appears in court charged with forcing his adulterous wife Juliette to wear a chastity belt. Having committed the same offence in 1932, he was sentenced to three months in prison and fined 50 francs for cruelty to his wife
1968 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Battle of Khe Sanh – one of the most publicized and controversial battles of the Vietnam War – begins at the Khe Sanh Air Base

1978 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Bee Gees’ album “Saturday Night Fever” goes #1 for 24 weeks.
When “Saturday Night Fever”, starring John Travolta, was released in December 1977, few could have expected the cultural phenomenon it would become. The soundtrack by British band the Bee Gees was an enormous hit: its songs, including “Stayin’ Alive”, “How Deep Is Your Love” and “Night Fever”, epitomized the disco era and the album spent 24 consecutive weeks at No. 1. With more than 45 million units sold, it is the second best-selling soundtrack album of all time, behind Whitney Houston’s 1992 album for The Bodyguard.
The film was also a huge hit and catapulted John Travolta to international stardom (he would repeat the success the following year with another musical smash, Grease). Disco was already a popular genre by 1977 but the film’s success broke it into the mainstream, and it would remain dominant for the next three years.
The album revitalized the Bee Gees. They had experienced significant success in the 1960s with songs like “Massachusetts” and “New York Mining Disaster 1941” but Saturday Night Fever took them to another level, and their sound was virtually inescapable for months after the album’s release.

2008 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.
2008 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies
2020 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ World’s oldest asteroid impact at 2.2 billion years old found in Yarrabubba, Western Australia, may have ended an ice age, reported in “Nature Communications”