Peace between Athens and Sparta: an agreement signed only in 1996

The Peloponnesian War of 431-404 BC between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta was a pivotal period in world history. Athens, the semi-democratic state that lent so many of its ideals to Rome and to western civilization as a whole in the modern age, and Sparta, the military state that seemed to have no rivals on the battlefields of the time, fought a war for control of Greece and the eastern Mediterranean Basin. But in Athens, in 404 BC the Spartans of Lysander have now conquered the Acropolis, imposed…

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