#TodayInHistory – April 27
April 27 – Some important events on this day
4977 B.C. 👉🏼 Universe is created, according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler.
In any case, as for his calculation about the universe’s birthday, scientists in the 20th century developed the Big Bang theory, which showed that his calculations were off by about 13.7 billion years. 🌎
1509 👉🏼 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice
1521 👉🏼 Navigator Ferdinand Magellan killed in the Philippines.
After traveling three-quarters of the way around the globe, Portuguese navigator is killed during a tribal skirmish on Mactan Island. Earlier in the month, his ships had dropped anchor at the Philippine island of Cebu, and Magellan met with the local chief, who after converting to Christianity persuaded the Europeans to assist him in conquering a rival tribe on the neighboring island of Mactan. In the subsequent fighting, Magellan was hit by a poisoned arrow and left to die by his retreating comrades. ✔️ READ THE ARTICLE!
1565 👉🏼 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines forms at Cebu City
1667 👉🏼 Blind and impoverished, English poet John Milton sells the copyright of “Paradise Lost” for £10
1810 👉🏼 Ludwig van Beethoven composes his famous piano piece “Für Elise” 🎼
1865 👉🏼 Steamboat “SS Sultana” explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home. 🚢
1904 👉🏼 The Australian Labor Party under Prime Minister Chris Watson becomes the first Labor government in the world.
Chris Watson was Australia’s first Labor Prime Minister and while his 1904 government only survived for four months between April and August in 1904 it has the distinction of being the first Labor government anywhere in the world at a national level.
The Australian Labor Party, a democratic socialist party, has its origins in a strike by pastoral workers in the 1890s in the state of Queensland. It would go on to win the 1910 Federal election under Andrew Fisher and become the first Labor government to win a majority. It remains a major party in Australian political life.
1905 👉🏼 World Exposition opens in Liège 🇧🇪
1931 👉🏼 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record) 🌴
1940 👉🏼 Heinrich Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
As the head of the SS Himmler oversaw the construction and operation of Nazi Germany’s concentration and extermination camps; he was thus at the center of the Holocaust. He was Hitler’s second-in-command and one of the most powerful and infamous Nazis.
In 1945 Himmler attempted to open negotiations with the Allies, whereupon he was dismissed from all his posts by Hitler and captured by the British, in whose custody he committed suicide on 23 May 1945.
1942 👉🏼 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300 🌪
1943 👉🏼 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust.
Considered one of the greatest wartime heroes, Pilecki founded one of the first Polish resistance movements against the Nazi occupation. He volunteered in 1940 to be imprisoned in Auschwitz, where he gathered some of the first information about the Holocaust, passing it onto the Western Allies. In 1943 he made a daring escape, rejoined the Polish Home Army, and took part in the Warsaw Uprising.
After the war he remained loyal to the London-based Polish government-in-exile. In 1948 he was executed by the communist authorities in Poland.
1945 👉🏼 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
1965 👉🏼 RC Duncan patents “Pampers” disposable diaper 👶🏻
1967 👉🏼 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada 🇨🇦
1994 👉🏼 South Africa holds first multiracial elections
1998 👉🏼 Our collaborator Adam was born on this day.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY 😊🎂
2005 👉🏼 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France ✈️
2012 👉🏼 Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people