#TodayInHistory – June 6
June 6 – Some important events on this day.
1242 👉🏼 24 wagonloads of Talmudic books burned in Paris
1391 👉🏼 Inhabitants of Seville, Spain, massacre 5,000 Jews 🇪🇸
1523 👉🏼 Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union
1683 👉🏼 The Ashmolean, world’s first university museum, opens in Oxford, England🏛
1716 👉🏼 French transport the 1st African slaves to Louisiana
1795 👉🏼 Fire destroy 1/3 of Copenhagen; 18,000 injured 🔥
1816 👉🏼 10″ of snowfall in New England, part of a “year without a summer” which followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia.
The eruption of Mount Tambora was the largest eruption ever witnessed. Its Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was 7, the only known eruption on that scale since the eruption of Lake Taupo in about 180 AD. The eruption blew 150 cubic km into the atmosphere, killing 10,000 people initially. The eruptions’ column was so high it reached the stratosphere at an altitude of more than 43 kilometres.
The effects were felt worldwide, and 1816 was “the year without a summer”. Crops failed across Asia and up to 90,000 people probably died of famine. It was the second-coldest year in the Northern Hemisphere since 1400 and parts of North America experienced frost and snow in June and July.
1882 👉🏼 Electric iron patented by Henry W Seely, NYC
1882 👉🏼 Ethiopia: Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and heir victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
1912 👉🏼 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, and It took place over 60 hours from this day. Located in southern Alaska within what is now the Katmai National Park Novarupta meaning “new break” in Latin sent 28 cubic km of ash into the air. The ash fell to earth 30cm deep over a 7,800 square km forming the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes.
Although there were no deaths from the actual eruption a huge dust plume travelled the globe causing a drought in China and decimating the local Alaskan wildlife.
1916 👉🏼 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes the central government to virtually collapse in the face of warlords, including Sun Yat-sen
1933 👉🏼 1st drive-in theater opens (Camden New Jersey)
1944 👉🏼 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II
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1951 👉🏼 1st Berlin International Film Festival opens 🎥
1972 👉🏼 Explosion at world’s largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
1982 👉🏼 30,000 Israeli troops invade Lebanon to drive out the PLO
1994 👉🏼 6.0 earthquake/avalanche destroys Toez, Colombia (about 1000 killed)
2002 👉🏼 A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. Resulting explosion estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
2018 👉🏼 French man announced to have won France’s €1 million My Lottery for the second time in 2 years, with odds of 1 in 16 trillion 💰
2019 👉🏼 German serial killer nurse Niels Hoegel jailed for a second life sentence for the murder of 85 more people (previously convicted for six). He was Germany’s worst post-war serial killer.