#TodayInHistory – September 10
September 10 – Some important events on this day.
506 👉🏼 35 bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde, shedding light on the moral conditions of the clergy and laity in southern France
1349 👉🏼 Jews who survived a massacre in Constance Germany are burned to death
1547 👉🏼 Battle of Pinkie Cleugh between English and Scottish forces.
On this day, along the banks of the River Esk, a massive battle occurred that pitted Scottish and English forces in what has been called the first modern conflict recorded on the British Isles.
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1823 👉🏼 Simón Bolívar named President of Peru
1846 👉🏼 Elias Howe takes out a US patent for a lockstitch sewing machine
1847 👉🏼 1st theater opens in Hawaii
1897 👉🏼 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving.
1924 👉🏼 Leopold and Loeb found guilty of the murder of Robert Franks in Chicago in the “the crime of the century”
1945 👉🏼 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.
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1977 👉🏼 Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by Guillotine in France
1990 👉🏼 Basilica of Our Lady of Peace consecrated by Pope John Paul II in Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire, as the largest church in the world at 30,000 square metres
1993 👉🏼 “The X-Files”, created by Chris Carter and starring David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson debuts on Fox
2008 👉🏼 The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in the history of mankind is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland
2013 👉🏼 Three people are killed after a Canadian Coast Guard helicopter crashes in the Arctic Ocean
2017 👉🏼 Hurricane Irma makes landfall in the Florida Keys in the US as a category 3 hurricane.Hurricane Irma was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the open Atlantic region, and was extremely destructive to several countries it hit: Barbuda, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands, as well as in the mainland USA.
The hurricane formed on August 30 and dissipated on September 30, 2017. It became a Category 5 Hurricane on September 5, with maximum sustained winds of 180mph (280km/h). The destruction was severe as it traversed the Caribbean, with 95% of buildings on the island of Barbuda destroyed. Most residents were evacuated to Antigua, rendering the island uninhabited for the first time in modern history. A number of other Caribbean islands were completely devastated by the storm.
Irma made landfall in the US state of Florida as a Category 3, where it caused widespread damage, with a minimum of $50 billion, though not as much as had been forecast.
The affected areas had little respite however, as Hurricane Maria formed two weeks later, hitting some of the same areas and devastating Puerto Rico.