#TodayInHistory – October 1
October 1 – Some important events on this day.
331 BC 👉🏼 Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela
1688 👉🏼 Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
1814 👉🏼 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, which redrew Europe’s political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte
1844 👉🏼 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departs Jimbour, the farthest outpost of settlement on the Queensland Darling Downs, to begin his exploration of Australia’s Northern Territory from Moreton Bay to Port Essington
1851 👉🏼 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
1867 👉🏼 Karl Marx’ “Das Kapital” published
1888 👉🏼 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
1890 👉🏼 Yosemite National Park established.
On this day, an act of Congress creates Yosemite National Park, home of such natural wonders as Half Dome and the giant sequoia trees. Environmental trailblazer John Muir (1838-1914) and his colleagues campaigned for the congressional action, which was signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison and paved the way for generations of hikers, campers and nature lovers, along with countless “Don’t Feed the Bears” signs.
1898 👉🏼 Jews are expelled from Kiev, Ukraine
1908 👉🏼 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825)
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1934 👉🏼 Adolf Hitler expands German army and navy, violating Treaty of Versailles
1938 👉🏼 Winston Churchill calls Russia a “riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma”
1948 👉🏼 Radio Denmark begins transmitting
1968 👉🏼 Cult zombie film “Night of the Living Dead” directed by George A. Romero, starring Duane Jones and Judith O’Dea premieres in Pittsburgh
1988 👉🏼 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, effectively head of state of the Soviet Union
2019 👉🏼 China celebrates 70th anniversary of Communism with military parade in Beijing with 15,000 soldiers
2019 👉🏼 Indian government bans the export of onions, an important food staple to control prices, causing shortages in Bangladesh and Nepal