October 4 – Some important events on this day.
1363 👉🏼 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, one of the largest naval battles in history with 850,000 taking part (approx.)
1537 👉🏼 The 1st complete English-language Bible, the “Matthew Bible” is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale
1582 👉🏼 Last Julian calendar day in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 10 days are skipped and the next date is Oct 15.
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1725 👉🏼 Foundation of Rosario in Argentina.
1883 👉🏼 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul.
The Orient Express was a by-word for luxurious train travel and had its heyday in the 1920s and 1930s.
The service was created by Belgian Georges Nagelmackers who set up Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits, a luxury travel service that included trains. Their most famous was the Orient Express.
In 1883 the route began in Paris and ended in Istanbul, passing through Vienna and Munich. Over the years the route changed many times and was famed for the luxury of its sleeping and dining cars.
From the 1960s its service was gradually reduced and finished completely in 1977. The railway journey features often in literature and film; one of its most famous in the Agatha Christie novel “Murder on the Orient Express” was not actually set on the original Orient Express but a parallel service called the Simplon Orient Express.
1900 👉🏼 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
1910 👉🏼 Adoption of the Flag of Bermuda.
1957 👉🏼 Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite into elliptical low Earth orbit
1927 👉🏼 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore (works on till 1941)
1990 👉🏼 “Beverly Hills, 90210” debuts
2006 👉🏼 WikiLeaks is launched, created by internet activist Julian Assange