#TodayInHistory – October 72 min read
October 7 – Some important events on this day.
3761 BC 👉🏼 The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
1571 👉🏼 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece.
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1737 👉🏼 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India
1763 👉🏼 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
1806 👉🏼 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
1916 👉🏼 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeats Cumberland, 222-0; most lopsided score in the history of US college football
1919 👉🏼 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
1959 👉🏼 Far side of Moon seen for the 1st time.
In 1959 the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 was the first to record images of the far side of the Moon. The images were of poor quality compared to later efforts but still generated excitement around the world at a view never previously seen by human eyes.
Twenty-nine photos were taken by a specially designed AFA-E1 camera and immediately transmitted back to earth. The images were later published in an atlas by the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1960, and revealed a landscape quite different from the near side facing earth. The surface was far more pock-marked, with chains of craters, hundreds of kilometers wide and without the maria (plains) so common on the near side.
1988 👉🏼 Latvian flag raised in Riga for first time since annexation by USSR
2001 👉🏼 The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert operations on the ground