#TodayInHistory – October 132 min read
October 13 – Some important events on this day.
54 👉🏼 Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor
1307 👉🏼 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption
1660 👉🏼 Absolute monarchy instituted by decree in Denmark by King Frederik III
1792 👉🏼 “Old Farmer’s Almanac” is 1st published and edited by Robert Thomas
1884 👉🏼 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
1941 👉🏼 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children and old people
1943 👉🏼 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
1944 👉🏼 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
1976 👉🏼 First electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, working at the C.D.C.
1987 👉🏼 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
2010 👉🏼 Copiapó mining accident in Chile comes to a happy end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground.
A estimated 1 billion people watched live on TV as 33 miners, trapped underground were brought to the surface one by one after 69 days from the Copiapó mine in northern Chile on this day.
A cave-in on the 5th August had left 33 men five miles from the entrance and they had retreated to a shelter. On the 22nd August an exploratory bore found the miners location and the miners were able to attach a note to the drill “All 33 of us are fine in the shelter”. A rescue shaft was then drilled and the miners extracted via a specially made rescue capsule to the surface.
2016 👉🏼 American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
2017 👉🏼 Archaeologists announce the discovery of Arabic characters “Allah” and “Ali” on Viking funeral costumes from a grave in Gamla Uppsala, Sweden.
2018 👉🏼 Oldest known human remains from Poland at 115,000 years from revealed to be Neanderthal child from Ciemna Cave eaten by a large bird