#TodayInHistory – November 2
November 2 – Some important events on this day.
1642 👉🏼 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig: victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
1648 👉🏼 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
1875 👉🏼 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa’s east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa
1898 👉🏼 Cheerleading begins in the United States as Johnny Campbell leads the crowd cheering on the football team at the University of Minnesota.
Although there are records of established cheers being used at US colleges as early as the 1870s, Johnny Campbell is recognized as the first cheerleader to direct a crowd.
On this day, he organized the crowd at a University of Minnesota game using the cheer “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-u-mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-So-Tah!”, a cheer still used today.
1917 👉🏼 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
1930 👉🏼 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethopian Solmonic Dynasty
1932 👉🏼 The “Great Emu War” begins: Australian soldiers armed with Lewis Guns sought to cull the Emu population over crop destruction in Campion district, Western Australia
1949 👉🏼 Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state
1966 👉🏼 The Cuban Adjustment Act comes into force, allowing 123,000 Cubans opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the US
1983 👉🏼 “Thriller” single released worldwide by Michael Jackson
1992 👉🏼 First test flight of Airbus A330
2018 👉🏼 Tiger thought to have killed 13 people shot dead after month-long hunt near Pandharkawada, central India