#TodayInHistory – November 30

November 30 – Some important events on this day. 1016 👉🏼 Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund ‘Ironside’ 1406 👉🏼 Angelo Correr elected Pope Gregory XII 1487 👉🏼 The first German Beer Purity Law (Reinheitsgebot), is promulgated in Munich by Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria stating beer should be brewed from only three ingredients – water, malt and hops. From the “History of German Brewing” by Karl J. Eden: “We hereby proclaim and decree, by Authority of our Province, that…

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#TodayInHistory – November 29

November 29 – Some important events on this day. 526 👉🏼 A possible date for the Antioch earthquake in present-day Syria (then the Byzantine Empire) which killed 200,000 people 1349 👉🏼 Jews of Augsburg Germany massacred 1745 👉🏼 Bonnie Prince Charlie’s army moves into Manchester and occupies Carlisle 1781 👉🏼 Crew of slave ship Zong murder about 142 African slaves by dumping them into the sea, to claim insurance 1864 👉🏼 Sand Creek massacre On this day, peaceful band of Southern Cheyenne and Arapahoe Native Americans are massacred by Colonel…

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#TodayInHistory – November 28

November 28 – Some important events on this day. 1291 👉🏼 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London. 1520 👉🏼 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing the Pacific Ocean 1660 👉🏼 The Royal Society is formed at Gresham College, London, after a lecture by Christopher Wren, Gresham Professor of Astronomy 1717 👉🏼 Blackbeard attacks and captures a French merchant slave ship, which he renames as his flagship the “Queen Anne’s Revenge” 1720…

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Horatio Nelson: from frail guy to National Hero

Often maggot-infested, the food was often uneatable, living quarters were tiny and discipline was extremely strict, with the threat of lashing punishment by the cat-o’-nine-tails ever present. Winston Churchill would write of such life as “nothing but rum, sodomy and the lash.” No. This isn’t a novel, but the 18th century world of the British Navy. No wonder, thus, if there were few volunteers. Most crewmen who, of course, might not see their families again for years, had been press-ganged into service. The Government at the time, at war with…

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#TodayInHistory – November 27

November 27 – Some important events on this day. 176 👉🏼 Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of Imperator 1095 👉🏼 Pope Urban II preaches 1st Crusade 1295 👉🏼 English King Edward I calls what later became known as “The Model Parliament” extending the authorities of its representatives 1382 👉🏼 Battle of Westrozebeke/Roosebeke. French army defeats the Flemish army. Flemish leader Philip Van Artevelde killed and corpse displayed 1493 👉🏼 Christopher Columbus returns to La Navidad colony, finding it destroyed by the 1st native American uprising…

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#TodayInHistory – November 26

November 26 – Some important events on this day. 43 BC 👉🏼 Second Triumvirate alliance of Roman leader Octavian (later Caesar Augustus), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony formed 783 👉🏼 Asturian queen Adosinda was put in the monastery of San Juan de Pravia, where she lived out the rest of her life, to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus. 1476 👉🏼 Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the…

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#TodayInHistory – November 25

November 25 – Some important events on this day. 1034 👉🏼 Malcolm II, King of Scots (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (b. 980) dies; Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne. 1177 👉🏼 Battle of Montgisard: Baldwin IV of Jerusalem defeats Saladin and a larger Ayyubid force 1667 👉🏼 A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people. 1715 👉🏼 First English patent granted to an American, for processing corn 1783 👉🏼 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position…

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Tham Piew Cave: a tangible reminder of an atrocity that took place during a secret war.

On this day, November 24, 1968, daily life began much as it had for some time. Villagers, accustomed to bombs and rocket attacks in the region, had long sought refuge deep in the extensive limestone cave systems of eastern Laos. Along with hundreds of men, women, and children from neighboring villages, rebel Pathet Lao fighters occasionally sought refuge in the dozens of large caves throughout the region as the insurgents made their way through eastern Laos. However, if most of the caves proved to provide safe haven, Tham Piew Cave…

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#TodayInHistory – November 24

November 24 – Some important events on this day. 380 👉🏼 Theodosius I makes his adventus, or first formal entry, into Constantinople 1434 👉🏼 River Thames in London freezes over 1639 👉🏼 1st observation of transit of Venus by Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree – helped establish size of the Solar System 1642 👉🏼 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) 1759 👉🏼 Destructive eruption of Vesuvius 1859 👉🏼 English naturalist Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species” radically changing the view of evolution and laying the…

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#TodayInHistory – November 23

November 23 – Some important events on this day. 800 👉🏼 Charlemagne arrives in Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III. 1248 👉🏼 Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates 1499 👉🏼 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV 1644 👉🏼 “Areopagitica”, a pamphlet by John Milton decrying censorship, is published 1654 👉🏼…

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#TodayInHistory – November 22

November 22 – Some important events on this day. 845 👉🏼 First King of all Brittany, Nominoe defeats Frankish King Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon, near Redon 1497 👉🏼 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope on way to first voyage from Europe to reach India 1900 👉🏼 First Mercedes goes for a test drive On this day, first car to be produced under the Mercedes name is taken for its inaugural drive in Cannstatt, Germany. The car was specially built for its buyer,…

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#TodayInHistory – November 21

November 21 – Some important events on this day. 164 BC 👉🏼 During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah 1818 👉🏼 Russia’s Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine 1837 👉🏼 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times 1905 👉🏼 1st match ever played in the Australian National Tennis Championships 1906 👉🏼 China prohibits the opium trade 1916 👉🏼 Britannic, sister ship to the Titanic, sinks in Aegean Sea killing 30 people. More than 1,000…

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#TodayInHistory – November 20

November 20 – Some important events on this day. 284 👉🏼 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army 762 👉🏼 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire 1695 👉🏼 Zumbi, the last King of the Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed and decapitated, his head displayed on a pike to dispel any legends of his immortality 1805 👉🏼 Ludwig van Beethoven’s “Fidelio”, his only opera, premieres in Vienna 1815 👉🏼 Second Treaty of Paris: France and her allies agree France…

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#TodayInHistory – November 19

November 19 – Some important events on this day. 1274 👉🏼 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw 1493 👉🏼 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage 1530 👉🏼 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes 1581 👉🏼 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich dies after being attacked by his father Ivan the Terrible three days earlier 1620 👉🏼 The Mayflower reaches Cape…

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#TodayInHistory – November 18

November 18 – Some important events on this day. 326 👉🏼 Old St. Peter’s Basilica consecrated in Rome (stood 4th – 16th century), later replaced by current Basilica 1421 👉🏼 Southern sea floods 72 villages, killing estimated 10,000 in Netherlands 1477 👉🏼 First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton 1626 👉🏼 St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, replacing an earlier basilica on the same site and becoming the world’s largest Christian basilica. Regarded as one of the greatest Renaissance and Baroque buildings St Peter’s…

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#TodayInHistory – November 17

November 17 – Some important events on this day. 1278 👉🏼 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins 1558 👉🏼 Elizabeth I aged 25, ascends the English throne upon death of her half sister, Queen “Bloody” Mary 1800 👉🏼 Congress holds its 1st session in Washington, D.C. in an incomplete Capitol Building 1831 👉🏼 Ecuador and Venezuela separated from Greater Colombia 1855 👉🏼 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe 1869 👉🏼 Suez Canal in Egypt opens,…

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2i’s: the birthplace of British Rock ‘n’ Roll

The BBC’s first pop music show, Six-Five Special, was broadcast on this day, November 16 1957, from the tiny 2i’s Coffee Bar in London, know as the birthplace of British rock ’n’ roll. Six-Five Special was so called because it went out at 6.5pm (6:05pm) on Saturday nights and was created to replace the one-hour so-called “Toddlers’ Truce” on that day. Under the Truce restrictions, no television programmes were allowed to be broadcast on any day of the week between the hours of 6pm to 7pm so that young children…

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#TodayInHistory – November 16

November 16 – Some important events on this day. 13 👉🏼 General Tiberius’ (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany 534 👉🏼 Second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus published 1519 👉🏼 City of Havana moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations 1532 👉🏼 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes 1581 👉🏼 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the…

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#TodayInHistory – November 15

November 15 – Some important events on this day. 1315 👉🏼 Battle of Morgarten: Swiss beat duke Leopold I of Austria 1492 👉🏼 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco 1884 👉🏼 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers “Scramble for Africa” 1904 👉🏼 King C. Gillette patents the Gillette razor blade 1948 Mackenzie King retires after 22 years as Prime Minister of Canada 1969 👉🏼 An estimated 2 million people take part in the Vietnam War Moratorium Demonstration…

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Nell Gwyn: the temptress who enchanted a king

In history, King Charles II consorted with a long line of mistresses and had 13 children by them. Nell Gwyn, who died on this day, November 14, 1687, is the most popular and became a sort of legend, the only royal mistress in English history to be warmly regarded by the people. Charles was married in 1662 to Portugal’s Catherine of Braganza, however her pregnancies all ended in miscarriages, causing the King to look elsewhere for a supplier of children. As a result, Catherine was ostracised at Court, her retinue…

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#TodayInHistory – November 14

November 14 – Some important events on this day. 1524 👉🏼 Francisco Pizarro begins his 1st great expedition, near Colombia 1666 👉🏼 Diarist Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs) 1680 👉🏼 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet) 1851 👉🏼 “Moby-Dick” by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US 1856 👉🏼 American Gail Borden is issued a patent for technology related to his invention of condensed milk 1881 👉🏼 Leon Gambetta forms French government 1883 👉🏼 “Treasure Island” by…

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Stamford bull run: a custom demised after 700 years of cruelty

If you are lucky enough to own a castle you want to enjoy the fine views on your lands from your windows. And that, according to legend, is just what William Plantagenet de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (1166-1240), was doing one day at the turn of the 12th century. As story goes, looking over the meadow stretched before him outside the town of Stamford he saw two bulls fighting over a cow. Local butchers then came with their dogs to part the animals, enraging them further and causing one…

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#TodayInHistory – November 13

November 13 – Some important events on this day. 1789 👉🏼 Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes” 1839 👉🏼 Last bull run in Britain as the Stamford bull run ends after 700 years. ✔️READ THE ARTICLE! 1851 👉🏼 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked 1895 👉🏼 First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii 1933 👉🏼 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota 1940 👉🏼 “Fantasia” animated film by Walt Disney, starring Leopold Stokowski and Deems Taylor, is released 1956 👉🏼 US…

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#TodayInHistory – November 12

November 12 – Some important events on this day. 764 👉🏼 Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty 1823 👉🏼 Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens 1880 👉🏼 Best selling American novel “Ben-Hur: A Tale of The Christ” by soldier Lew Wallace is published 1910 👉🏼 1st possible movie stunt: man jumps into the Hudson river from a burning balloon 1912 👉🏼 British explorer Robert Scott’s diary & body found in Antarctica 1923 👉🏼 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize…

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#TodayInHistory – November 11

November 11 – Some important events on this day. 308 👉🏼 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul. 1158 👉🏼 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy 1675 👉🏼 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function 1745 👉🏼 Bonnie Prince Charlie’s…

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#TodayInHistory – November 10

November 10 – Some important events on this day. 1444 👉🏼 Battle at Varna, Black Sea: Sultan Murad II beats crusaders 1619 👉🏼 René Descartes has the dream that inspires his “Meditations on First Philosophy” 1674 👉🏼 Dutch formally cede New Netherlands (New York) to the English 1871 👉🏼 Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume?’. Henry Morton Stanley was a newspaper reporter who was hired by the New York Herald in 1871 to find…

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#TodayInHistory – November 9

November 9 – Some important events on this day. 694 👉🏼 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery 1313 👉🏼 Louis the Bavarian defeats his cousin Frederick I of Austria at the Battle of Gammelsdorf 1494 👉🏼 Piero the Unfortunate of the de’ Medici family, ruler of Florence, loses his power and flees the state 1799 👉🏼 Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul 1842 👉🏼 The first U.S. design patent for typefaces and borders was…

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#TodayInHistory – November 8

November 8 – Some important events on this day. 392 👉🏼 Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion 1519 👉🏼 1st meeting of Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II and Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlan, Mexico 1520 👉🏼 Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people. 1602 👉🏼 The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened 1701 👉🏼 William Penn presents Charter of Privileges 1731 👉🏼 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st library in the north American colonies…

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The true story of Lord Lucan, the British aristocrat who killed his maid and disappeared forever

In 1974, Britain, and later much of the rest of the world, was captivated by the brutal murder of a 29-year-old nanny named Sandra Rivett, and the disappearance of the main suspect: an aristocrat named Richard John Bingham, or simply Lord Lucan. Lucan was a dashing British aristocrat and army officer, known for his prowess at backgammon and bridge and his fondness for vodka martinis, powerboats, and Aston Martin cars. But, in order. Dressed only in a nightgown, the Countess of Lucan burst into the Plumbers Arms pub in Belgravia,…

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#TodayInHistory – November 7

November 7 – Some important events on this day. 921 👉🏼 Treaty of Bonn: East France & West France recognize each other 1492 👉🏼 Ensisheim Meteorite strikes a wheat field near the village of Ensisheim in Alsace, France. Oldest meteorite with a known date of impact. 1872 👉🏼 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later 1874 👉🏼 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast 1885 👉🏼 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie 1907 👉🏼 Delta Sigma Pi,…

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