November 11 – Some important events on this day.
308 👉🏼 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
1158 👉🏼 Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy
1675 👉🏼 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
1745 👉🏼 Bonnie Prince Charlie’s army enters England
1807 👉🏼 Washington Irving’s Salmagundi periodical published – first to associate the name “Gotham” with New York City
1880 👉🏼 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
1918 👉🏼 WWI armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, “the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month”.
By the end of autumn 1918, the alliance of the Central Powers was unraveling in its war effort against the better supplied and coordinated Allied powers. Facing exhausted resources on the battlefield, turmoil on the home front and the surrender of its weaker allies, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire, Germany was finally forced to seek an armistice with the Allies in the early days of November 1918. On November 7, the German chancellor, Prince Max von Baden, sent delegates to Compiegne, France, to negotiate the agreement; it was signed at 5:10 a.m. on the morning of this day.
1968 👉🏼 Maldives, in Indian Ocean, becomes a republic
1975 👉🏼 Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam removed from office by Governor General Sir John Kerr – 1st elected PM removed in 200 yrs
1992 👉🏼 The Church of England approves the ordination of female priests
2004 👉🏼 Yasser Arafat’s death through unidentified causes confirmed by Palestine Liberation Organization, Mahmoud Abbas elected PLO chairman minutes later.
2018 👉🏼 On centenary of WWI Armistice Day French President Macron urges world to reject Nationalism in speech to under Arc de Triomphe in Paris
2019 👉🏼 Transit of Mercury across the sun, closer than any other transit this century