#TodayInHistory – November 163 min read
November 16 – Some important events on this day.
13 👉🏼 General Tiberius’ (later Emperor) triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany
534 👉🏼 Second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus published
1519 👉🏼 City of Havana moved to its current location to avoid mosquito infestations
1532 👉🏼 Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush at Cajamarca in the Peruvian Andes
1581 👉🏼 Tsar Ivan the Terrible attacks his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich, with a scepter after an argument leading to the latter’s death three days later.
Ivan the Terrible transformed Russia in his forty year reign, often at immense human cost, and not without leaving an historical legacy known primarily for his episodic outbreaks of mental illness and rage.
The most infamous of these outbreaks occurred on or around the night of this day, when the Tsar killed his son and heir, Ivan Ivanovich. This occurred after the Tsar assaulted his daughter-in-law, who he felt was wearing unconventionally light clothing. When the younger Ivan rushed in and confronted his father, the elder struck him on the head with his scepter, and he died on November 19.
In his painting Repin was inspired by the famous painting The Return of the Prodigal Son, as well as others.
1776 👉🏼 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution
1824 👉🏼 New York City’s Fifth Avenue opens for business
1938 👉🏼 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland
1945 👉🏼 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
1948 👉🏼 Operation Magic Carpet begins with 1st plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel.
Between 1948 and 1950, some 49,000 Jews living in Yemen, as well as some from Djibouti, Eritrea and Saudi Arabia, were transported from their home countries to the newly founded state of Israel. This was part of a process known as aaliyah, which is the immigration of Jewish diaspora to the Land of Israel.
There were a number of other reasons for the exodus, including hostility in Yemen, economic crisis, famine and persecution, as well as a sense of religious duty in going to Israel. As rumors spread among the Jewish population that Israel would be airlifting Jews out of the country, many thousands journeyed to the port city of Aden, some walking for weeks on foot through the desert.
The operation concluded by late 1950. In 2013, only about 250 Jews still lived in Yemen. Part of the requirement of leaving was to sell your house and possessions before moving to Israel. Once a Yemeni Jew had left Yemen, they were forbidden from returning, making communication with any remaining family members difficult.
1957 👉🏼 BBC’s 1st pop music show, the “Six-Five Special”, is broadcast from the tiny 2i’s Coffee Bar in London.
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1959 👉🏼 “The Sound of Music” premieres on Broadway
2009 👉🏼 “The Twilight saga: New Moon”, based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Chris Weitz, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, premieres in Los Angeles
2012 👉🏼 ‘Call of Duty: Black Ops 2’ grosses $500 million in 24 hours to become the biggest entertainment launch of all time
2019 👉🏼 500th anniversary of the founding of Havana, Cuba