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#TodayInHistory – November 26

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November 26 – Some important events on this day.

43 BC 👉🏼 Second Triumvirate alliance of Roman leader Octavian (later Caesar Augustus), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony formed
783 👉🏼 Asturian queen Adosinda was put in the monastery of San Juan de Pravia, where she lived out the rest of her life, to prevent her kin from retaking the throne from Mauregatus.
1476 👉🏼 Vlad III Dracula defeats Basarab Laiota with the help of Stephen the Great and Stephen V Bathory and becomes the ruler of Wallachia for the third time.
1778 👉🏼 British explorer Captain James Cook is the first European to visit Maui in the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii)

1789 👉🏼 1st national Thanksgiving in America.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill officially establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.
The tradition of celebrating the holiday on Thursday dates back to the early history of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies, when post-harvest holidays were celebrated on the weekday regularly set aside as “Lecture Day”, a midweek church meeting where topical sermons were presented. A famous Thanksgiving observance occurred in the autumn of 1621, when Plymouth governor William Bradford invited local members of the Wampanoag tribe to join the Pilgrims in a festival held in gratitude for the bounty of the season.
Thanksgiving became an annual custom throughout New England in the 17th century, and in 1777 the Continental Congress declared the first national American Thanksgiving following the Patriot victory at Saratoga. In 1789, President George Washington became the first president to proclaim a Thanksgiving holiday, when, at the request of Congress, he proclaimed November 26, a Thursday, as a day of national thanksgiving for the U.S. Constitution. However, it was not until 1863, when President Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving to officially fall on the last Thursday of November, that the modern holiday was celebrated nationally.

1793 👉🏼 Republican calendar replaces Gregorian calendar in France
1865 👉🏼 “Alice in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll is published in America
1898 👉🏼 SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Cod, shipwrecked off Cape Ann, all 192 on board killed
1922 👉🏼 English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun’s virtually intact tomb in Egypt
1922 👉🏼 1st successful Technicolor movie (The Toll of the Sea), premieres at the Rialto Theatre in NYC
1924 👉🏼 Mongolian People’s Republic proclaimed

1941 👉🏼 Japanese naval carrier force left its base & moves east toward Pearl Harbor.
A date which will live in infamy,’ was how then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt described Japan’s sudden and undeclared attack on the US naval station at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941.
Japan sought to prevent the US Pacific Fleet from interfering with its military adventures in Asia. On the same day as the attack, Japan invaded Malaya, Singapore, Hong Kong and attack the Philippines, Guam and Wake Island.
The air assault killed 2,403 Americans and destroyed a number of battleships and other vessels, as well as important facilities on Pearl Harbor. It shocked the American public and directly led them to declare war on Japan the following day. Adolf Hitler responded by declaring war on the US on 11 December, firmly bringing America into both fronts of the war.

1941 👉🏼 Lebanon independence first proclaimed by France
1948 👉🏼 1st polaroid camera sold for $89.75 in Boston at the Jordan Marsh department store. The Land Camera model 95 becomes prototype for all Polaroid Land cameras for next 15 years
1970 👉🏼 In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1mm) of rain fall in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever on record
1974 👉🏼 Approximately 140 die when suspension bridge collapses in Nepal
1983 👉🏼 World’s greatest robbery; 26 million pounds (sterling) worth of gold, diamonds and cash stolen from Brink’s-Mat warehouse at Heathrow Airport, England
2012 👉🏼 The cost of Hurricane Sandy to New York is announced to be $32 Billion
2018 👉🏼 Third of a species begin dying (23,000) over a two day period, the spectacled flying foxes, unable to survive heatwave of 42 degrees in northern Queensland, Australia
2019 👉🏼 6.4 magnitude earthquake centered on Durres strikes Albania, with at least 51 killed and hundreds injured

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