#TodayInHistory – January 27

January 27 – Some important events on this day

98 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
1591 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian burned for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh by order King James VI. Part of the Berwick witch trials.

1820 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Russian Antarctic Expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica.
The first Russian Antarctic Expedition 1819-1821 by led by Baltic German Fabian Gottieb von Bellingshausen, a Russian naval officer who captained the ship Vostok with his second-in-command Mikhail Lazarev aboard the Miry.
They were not only the first to cross the Antarctic circle since Captain Cook, they went on be the first to sight Antarctic in January 1820 and to make two circumnavigations of the continent. Bellingshausen is responsible for naming a number of landmarks in Antarctica including Peter I Island and the Alexander Coast.

1825 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ US Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for the forced relocation of the Eastern Indian tribes via the “Trail of Tears”.
It was US President Andrew Jackson’s policy to removing Native Americans from their ancestral lands to make way for settlers and speculators that led to the infamous Trail of Tears in the 1830s.
The Cherokees of Georgia initially tried legal means to resist the policy and actually won their case in the US Supreme Court. However President Jackson refused to acknowledge the judgement and 20,000 were eventually marched west at gunpoint. A quarter of their number would perish on the journey.

1880 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
1888 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. for “the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge”
1924 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
1941 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
1944 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

1945 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland.
On this day, Soviet troops enter Auschwitz, Poland, freeing the survivors of the network of concentration campsโ€”and finally revealing to the world the depth of the horrors perpetrated there.
Auschwitz was really a group of camps, designated I, II, and III, and there were also 40 smaller โ€œsatelliteโ€ camps. It was at Auschwitz II, at Birkenau, established in October 1941, that the SS created a complex, monstrously orchestrated killing ground: 300 prison barracks, four โ€œbathhousesโ€ in which prisoners were gassed, corpse cellars, and cremating ovens. Thousands of prisoners were also used for medical experiments overseen and performed by the camp doctor, Josef Mengele, the โ€œAngel of Death.โ€
The Red Army had been advancing deeper into Poland since mid-January. Having liberated Warsaw and Krakow, Soviet troops headed for Auschwitz. In anticipation of the Soviet arrival, SS officers began a murder spree in the camps, shooting sick prisoners and blowing up crematoria in a desperate attempt to destroy the evidence of their crimes. When the Red Army finally broke through, Soviet soldiers encountered 648 corpses and more than 7,000 starving camp survivors. There were also six storehouses filled with hundreds of thousands of womenโ€™s dresses, men’s suits and shoes that the Germans did not have time to burn.

1967 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ A fire in the Apollo 1 Command Module kills astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger B. Chaffee during a launch rehearsal
1973 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ US & North Vietnam’s William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft
1888 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ National Geographic Society founded
2019 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Tornado strikes Havana, Cuba, killing three and injuring 172
2019 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Landslide kills 15 at a wedding party in a hotel in Abancay, Peru

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