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#TodayInHistory – November 19

November 19 – Some important events on this day.

1274 👉🏼 Mongol army lands at Hakata Bay in Japan during their first invasion attempt and are defeated; a typhoon destroys most of their fleet as they withdraw
1493 👉🏼 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage
1530 👉🏼 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes
1581 👉🏼 Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich dies after being attacked by his father Ivan the Terrible three days earlier
1620 👉🏼 The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod and explores the coast
1805 👉🏼 Lewis and Clark Expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
1863 👉🏼 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; “Four score and seven years ago…”
1895 👉🏼 American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
1942 👉🏼 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army

1969 👉🏼 Soccer legend Pelé scores 1,000th goal
Brazilian soccer legendary player scores his 1,000th professional goal in a game against Vasco da Gama in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracana stadium. It was a major milestone in an illustrious career that included three World Cup championships.

1969 👉🏼 Apollo 12’s Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon
1985 👉🏼 US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for first time
1997 👉🏼 McCaughey septuplets born to Bobbi McCaughey in Des Moines, Iowa. First set of septuplets to survive infancy.

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