#TodayInHistory – February 28

February 28 – Some important events on this day 202 BC ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China 1710 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jรธrgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock 1854 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin 1874 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Arthur Orton, who became known as the Tichborne Claimant, was found guilty of perjury on this day after the longest…

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#TodayInHistory – February 27

February 27 – Some important events on this day 1693 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st women’s magazine “Ladies’ Mercury” published in London, England 1814 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Ludwig van Beethoven’s 8th Symphony in F premieres 1827 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans 1900 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, results in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906 1933 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Reichstag, German parliament building, destroyed by fire; possibly set by the Nazis, who blame and execute Martin…

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#TodayInHistory – February 26

February 26 – Some important events on this day 1616 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun 1732 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph’s, Philadelphia 1797 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Bank of England issues first ยฃ1 note 1815 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France 1869 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Franz Schubert’s Symphony number 4, “The Tragic”, premieres 1881 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ P&O’s SS Ceylon begins world’s…

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#TodayInHistory – February 25

February 25 – Some important events on this day 1570 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from allegiance to the crown. 1793 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st US cabinet meeting, held at George Washington’s home 1836 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Showman P. T. Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth, claiming she was the 161 year-old nursemaid to George Washington 1862 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States note (greenback)…

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#TodayInHistory – February 24

February 24 – Some important events on this day 303 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian 1208 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy 1525 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V’s troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed or wounded 1582 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar 1739 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Battle of Karnal: Army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad…

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#TodayInHistory – February 23

February 23 – Some important events on this day 303 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia 1455 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated date) 1540 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Francisco Vรกzquez de Coronado’s expedition sets off from Mexico in search of the 7 cities of Cibola 1836 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed 1886 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ “The Times” of London publishes world’s 1st classified ad 1904 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ United States…

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#TodayInHistory – February 22

February 22 – Some important events on this day 1632 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Galileo’s “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems” is published 1774 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright 1797 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales. In 1797, the European continent was engaged in a struggle with the France, which had deposed its monarchy following the French Revolution in 1787. This first conflict, between 1792 and 1797, consisted of a lightly-allied coalition (now…

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#TodayInHistory – February 21

February 21 – Some important events on this day 1173 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury 1583 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Groningen, Netherlands, begins using Gregorian calendar 1613 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov 1804 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick’s, runs for the 1st time, along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales 1821 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire begins 1828 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st American Indian newspaper in US, “Cherokee Phoenix”, published…

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#TodayInHistory – February 20

February 20 – Some important events on this day 1280 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Japanese Imperial Court orders all temples and shrines to pray for victory in the impending second Mongol invasion. In 1274 the Mongol Empire under Kublai Khan launched the first of two failed invasions of Japan. Eight years before, Kublai had sent a letter to the Japanese emperor (who in the letter he called the “King of Japan”), threatening the use of force unless Japan submitted. The Japanese did not respond. So it was that five years later the Mongol…

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#TodayInHistory – February 19

February 19 – Some important events on this day 356 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples 1594 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden. 1600 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history. 1878 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph). 1906 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Will Keith Kellogg and Charles…

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#TodayInHistory – February 18

February 18 – Some important events on this day 1519 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Hernรกn Cortรฉs leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men 1678 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ John Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s Progress” is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder 1685 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France’s claim to Texas. 1861 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy 1968 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ X Winter Olympic Games close in Grenoble, France 1879 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Sculptor Frรฉdรฉric-Auguste Bartholdi…

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#TodayInHistory – February 17

February 17 – Some important events on this day 1510 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque first conquers the city of Goa, entering it with little conflict 1568 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace 1815 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Treaty of Ghent ratified by the US Senate and signed by President James Madison ending War of 1812, over a month after it was signed in Europe. The Treaty of Ghent, signed in the city of Ghent, Belgium, ended the War of 1812 between…

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#TodayInHistory – February 16

February 16 – Some important events on this day 374 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 9th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet 600 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying “God bless You” is the correct response to a sneeze 1659 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st known cheque (ยฃ400) (on display at Westminster Abbey) 1838 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Weenen Massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulu warriors 1840 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica 1861 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Abraham Lincoln stops his train at Westfield on his way to Washington to thank…

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#TodayInHistory – February 15

February 15 – Some important events on this day 399 BC ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety 590 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia 1763 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years’ War 1903 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom…

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#TodayInHistory – February 14

February 14 – Some important events on this day 270 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ One of many St. Valentine beheaded. 1014 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Holy Roman Emperor 1076 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time) 1349 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 900 Jews are burned alive in Strasbourg and similar number banned from the city after being blamed for the spread of the Black Death 1779 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Captain James Cook killed in Hawaii | READ THE ARTICLE! 1794 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to…

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#TodayInHistory – February 13

February 13 – Some important events on this day 1258 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Baghdad, then a city of 1 million, falls to the Mongols as the abbasid Caliphate is destroyed, tens of thousands slaughtered, ending the Islamic Golden Age. Baghdad, now the second-largest city in the Arab world, was founded in the 8th century by Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur and eventually became the capital of the Abbasid caliphate. Baghdad in this era was a hub of learning and commerce, particularly during a period known as the Islamic Golden Age. From shortly after its…

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#TodayInHistory – February 12

February 12 – Some important events on this day 1700 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmarkโ€“Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire. 1865 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Henry Highland Garnet becomes the 1st African American minister to preach to the US House of Representatives, he talks about the end of slavery 1912 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The last Qing Emperor of China, Puyi abdicates after losing the support of the Chinese people and thus the mandate of heaven 1912 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ China adopts the Gregorian calendar 1947 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ French fashion designer…

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#TodayInHistory – February 11

February 11 – Some important events on this day 55 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor. 660 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu 1809 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Robert Fulton patents steamboat 1858 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France 1929 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Vatican City (world’s smallest country) made an enclave of Rome 1858 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Virgin Mary appears to St. Bernadette, a 14-year-old French peasant…

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#TodayInHistory – February 10

February 10 – Some important events on this day 60 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ St Paul thought to have been shipwrecked at Malta 1720 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Edmond Halley appointed as the second Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory 1763 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain 1824 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Simรณn Bolรญvar named dictator by the Congress of Peru 1859 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ General Horsford defeats Begum of Oude and Nana Sahib in Indian Mutiny. 1879 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo 1906 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ British battleship HMS Dreadnought launches after only 100…

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#TodayInHistory – February 9

February 9 – Some important events on this day 474 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II 1775 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion 1891 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1891 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento 1895 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts 1904 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, the border of Manchuria 1943 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Japanese troops…

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#TodayInHistory – February 8

February 8 – Some important events on this day 1587 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle aged 44 after being convicted of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I in the Babington Plot. Mary Stuart was Queen of Scots from 1547 until she was deposed in 1567. She spent the next twenty years of her life in exile or imprisoned. After she was deposed, she sought the assistance of her first cousin once removed, Elizabeth I, who reigned over England. This complicated matters however as Elizabeth perceived Mary…

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#TodayInHistory – February 7

February 7 – Some important events on this day 1238 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir 1301 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes first (English) Prince of Wales 1783 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Great Siege of Gibraltar launched by France and Spain against the British colony during American War of Independence is lifted after 3 years and 7 months. The longest siege endured by the British Armed Forces and one of the longest sieges in history, the battle at Gibraltar was one part of the American War of…

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#TodayInHistory – February 6

February 6 – Some important events on this day 1508 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor, 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope 1778 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris, 1st US treaty 1819 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port 1840 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Mฤori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.…

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#TodayInHistory – February 5

February 5 – Some important events on this day 146 BCE ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Punic Wars, between Rome and Carthage, come to an end 1576 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) abjures Catholicism at Tours. 1597 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ A group of early Japanese Christians, known as the 26 Martyrs, are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society. By 1597, Christianity in Japan was a relatively small but growing religion, with estimates of around 300,000 Catholics in the country. However this was…

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#TodayInHistory – February 4

February 4 – Some important events on this day 211 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta 960 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Coronation of Zhao Kuangyin as Emperor Taizu of the Song, initiating three centuries of Song Dynasty dominance in southern China 1789 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st US electoral college chooses George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice-President 1797 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000 1826 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper is published.…

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#TodayInHistory – February 3

February 3 – Some important events on this day 1377 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI 1451 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire 1509 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire, establishes Portuguese trading control 1815 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ World’s first commercial cheese factory established, in…

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#TodayInHistory – February 2

February 2 – Some important events on this day 506 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Alaric II, king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Lex Romania Visigothorum (or Breviary of Alaric), a collection of Roman law 1349 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ By this date at least 200 people a day were being buried in London as a result of the Black Death. The Black Death was the worst pandemic in the history of the world. Peaking between 1347 and 1351 in Europe, estimates of the death toll vary widely, but is generally believed to have killed between 50…

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#TodayInHistory – February 1

February 1 – Some important events on this day 772 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1587 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots 1814 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Lord Byron’s “Corsair” sells 10,000 copies on day of publication 1843 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America – The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens 1884 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published. On this day, the first portion, or fascicle, of the Oxford…

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#TodayInHistory – January 31

January 31 – Some important events on this day 314 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 1747 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital, London 1865 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24) 1865 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War 1928 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company 1943 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad was a turning-point during…

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#TodayInHistory – January 30

January 30 – Some important events on this day 1647 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around ยฃ100,000 1661 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years 1790 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor 1815 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson’s 6,500 volumes 1841 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ A fire destroys two-thirds of Mayagรผez, Puerto Rico. 1847 ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ Yerba Buena renamed San…

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