#TodayInHistory – March 19

March 19 – Some Important Events on this day 1279 👉🏼 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China 1452 👉🏼 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome 1644 👉🏼 200 members of Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor 🇨🇳 1859 👉🏼 Opera “Faust” by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris 🇫🇷 1863 👉🏼 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then…

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#March 18, 1662: the first public buses began to run in Paris, probably 200 years ahead of its time.

The first public buses began to run on this day, March 18, 1662, even if it was an idea probably 200 years ahead of its time. The service, introduced in Paris, was abandoned in 1675 and public transport did not return to the streets of any major city until 1895, exactly 233 years later. The idea was promoted by Blaise Pascal who was a man of many talents: physicist, philosopher, mathematician, inventor, author – and more. The Governor of Poitou, the Duke of Ronanes, thought it was such a good…

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#TodayInHistory – March 18

March 18 – Some Important Events on this day 37 👉🏼 Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (aka Caligula = Little Boots) emperor 1123 👉🏼 1st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified 1314 👉🏼 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France 1325 👉🏼 According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date on an island in what…

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#TodayInHistory – March 17

March 17 – Some Important Events on this day 45 BC 👉🏼 In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda 432 👉🏼 Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland. And this is the traditional date. ✔️Read the article about St. Patrick Day. 1337 👉🏼 Edward the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England 1521…

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March, 17: It’s St Patrick’s Day!

All we known that March 17 is St Patrick’s Day, a cultural and religious holiday celebrated every year in Ireland and by Irish communities around the world. The celebration marks the anniversary of Saint Patrick’s death in the fifth century and represents the arrival of Christianity in the country. Historically the Lenten restrictions on eating and drinking alcohol were lifted for the day, which has encouraged and propagated the holiday’s tradition of alcohol consumption. On St Patrick’s Day, it is customary to wear shamrocks, green clothing or green accessories. St…

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#TodayInHistory – March 16

March 16 – Some Important Events on this day 597 BC 👉🏼 Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king 1527 👉🏼 Battle of Khanua: Mughal Emperor Babur defeats Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga consolidating Mughal power 1660 👉🏼 English Long Parliament disbands 1792 👉🏼 King gustav III of Sweden is shot by Count Jacob Johan Anckarström at a masked ball at the Opera. By this year, King Gustav III of Sweden had amassed an enormous amount of personal power, displacing the old constitutional monarchy and forming an…

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“Faces of Century”: the same people photographed as young and centenarians

Youth is a phase of life that is (almost) always remembered with happiness and, indeed the period flows quickly, especially if you look with your eyes turned to the past. So many things change when a person ages. Wrinkles, graying hair, are only some examples. But one thing that always stays the same is a person’s identity. In his series, Faces of Century, photographer Jan Langer from Opava, Czech Republic, visually presents the inevitable changes that accompany aging. With 100-year-old Czechs as his muses, he composed of several pairs of…

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#TodayInHistory – March 15

March 15 – Some Important Events on this day 44 BC 👉🏼 Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome. By the time of his assassination on this day, Julius Caesar was at the height of his power, having recently been declared dictator perpetuo by the Roman Senate. This kind of power made many senators nervous that Caesar would overthrow the senate and establish one-man tyranny. Thus they planned to murder him and restore the authority of…

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The Old Man of Storr – Scotland

From rock-dwelling giants to mermaids and seals who steal the hearts of local women, Scotland’s islands still today teem with tales of their legendary pasts. We are in the Isle of Skye, a point of interest in the Scottish Highlands is a site of folkloric mysticism and natural grandeur. One of the most spectacular sights of the Trotternish Peninsula, in the northeastern region of the Island, which was formed by a colossal landslide in ancient times, is the Old Man of Storr, a rock pinnacle of 50 m in height,…

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#TodayInHistory – March 14

March 14 – Some Important Events on this day 1369 👉🏼 Battle of Montiel: King of Castille and Leon Peter of Castile (Peter the Cruel) with support from England is defeated by an alliance between the French and his half-brother Henry II 1590 👉🏼 Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion. The French Wars of Religion between the Catholics and the Huguenots (Protestants) were an exceptionally brutal conflict that claimed the lives of at least three million people over a 30 year…

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#March 13, 1770: Daniel Lambert – the heaviest person ever to have lived

Nobody knows what was wrong with Daniel Lambert who was born on this day, March 13 1770. But he went from being a slim, athletic, sports-loving guy to a very very very big man in his thirties, so big that he entered record books as the heaviest person ever to have lived. Daniel was born in Leicester, England, to a family passionate about hunting, gamekeeping and field sports. He joined eagerly in these hobbies and excelled at them. Moreover, he was also an excellent swimmer and taught children to swim…

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#TodayInHistory – March 13

March 13 – Some Important Events on this day 624 👉🏼 Battle of Badr: Muhammad’s Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army 1591 👉🏼 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai 1770 👉🏼 Nobody knows what was wrong with Daniel Lambert who was born on this day. But he went from being a slim, athletic, sports-loving guy to a very very very big man in his thirties, so big that he entered record books as the heaviest person ever to have lived.…

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Blub swimming and leisure center – Berlin

A lost waterpark sits in the Britz area of Neukölln district in Berlin, Germany, or, at least, what remains of it. The place seems to be inhabited only by rats now, and all they wanted was to swim and frolic like anyone else, even if today the place is totally destroyed. And, It seems, that the problem of people was only rats and the thought of peaceful coexistence never even occurred to them. Allegations were made, with accusations and threats. Gangs of youths took over the pools, scared other people…

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#TodayInHistory – March 12

March 12 – Some Important Events on this day 538 👉🏼 Witiges, King of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of victorious Byzantine General Belisarius 1455 👉🏼First record of Johannes Gutenberg’s Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before 📖 1642 👉🏼 Explorer and seafarer Abel Tasman is the 1st European to sight New Zealand, viewing the north-west coast of the South Island 🇳🇿 1832 👉🏼 The ballet La Sylphide first…

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#TodayInHistory – March 11

March 11 – Some Important Events on this day 1425 BC 👉🏼 According to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty, Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt dies. 🇪🇬 843 👉🏼 Icon veneration officially re-instated in Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople 🇹🇷 The Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) is the third church to be built in this site. The Byzantine emperor Justinian I ordered its construction in 532 after riots destroyed an earlier church on its site in Istanbul. It was finished in just five years in 537 and was then the…

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The “100 Giorni”: the official countdown to the final High School state examination

What in Italy is called “100 giorni”, is the official countdown begins to the final High School state examination and its traditions are repeated by students in many areas and in many different ways. For istance, there are those (very, very few) who begin to study as hard as they can, others who coudn’t care less until about 10 days before the exam, when they’ll begin to study night and day, 24 hours a day, and a large majority of those seeking to fully enjoy the last moments of freedom…

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#TodayInHistory – March 10

March 10 – Some Important Events on this day 241 BC 👉🏼 Battle of the Aegates Islands: the Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end. 1578 👉🏼 Queen Elizabeth I of England gives Johan Casimir £20,000 to aid Dutch rebellion 1762 👉🏼 French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities. The event inspires Voltaire to begin campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform. 1783 👉🏼 USS Alliance under Captain Barry fights and wins last…

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#TodayInHistory – March 9

March 9 – Some Important Events on this day 141 BC 👉🏼 Liu Che, posthumously known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumes the throne of the Han Dynasty in China and rules for 54 years 🇨🇳 1497 👉🏼 Nicolaus Copernicus’ 1st recorded astronomical observation 🔭 1500 👉🏼 Pedro Álvares Cabral departs Lisbon, Portugal at the head of a 13 ship expedition to India that will also claim Brazil for Portugal 1522 👉🏼 Martin Luther begins preaching his “Invocavit Sermons” in the German city of Wittenberg, reminding citizens to trust God’s…

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#TodayInHistory – March 8

March 8 – Some Important Events on this day 1531 👉🏼 Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury 1867 👉🏼 British North America Act is passed in the House of Commons, serves as Canada’s constitution for more than 100 years 🇨🇦 1884 👉🏼 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony, a social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women’s suffrage movement, addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after…

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#TodayInHistory – March 7

March 7 – Some Important Events on this day 161 👉🏼 Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire 321 👉🏼 Roman Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire 1530 👉🏼 English King Henry VIII’s divorce request is denied by the Pope 1778 👉🏼 Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast at Yaquina Bay 1814 👉🏼 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of…

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#TodayInHistory – March 6

March 6 – Some Important Events on this day 1454 👉🏼 Thirteen Years’ War: Delegates of the Prussian Confederation pledge allegiance to Casimir IV of Poland, and the Polish king agrees to help in their struggle for independence from the Teutonic Knights. 1479 👉🏼 Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa 🤝 1521 👉🏼 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam 🇬🇺 1799 👉🏼 Napoleon Bonaparte captures the city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire…

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#March 5, 1953: Dictator and mass murderer Stalin goes to his grave

Iosif Vissarionovič Džugašvili Stalin, the brutal Russian dictator who sent millions of his countrymen to their deaths, joined them on this day, March 5 1953, after failing to recover from a brain haemorrhage four days earlier. He was 74 years old. His 30-year term as absolute ruler of the Soviet Union was marked by a long series of atrocities including purges, forced displacements, imprisonment in forced labour camps known as Gulags, manufactured famines, torture, acts of mass murder and massacres, in addition to the estimated 20 million Soviet troops and…

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#TodayInHistory – March 5

March 5 – Some Important Events on this day 363 👉🏼 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death 1046 👉🏼 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama ✍🏼 1179 👉🏼 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome 🇮🇹 1496 👉🏼 English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands 1558…

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#TodayInHistory – March 4

March 4 – Some Important Events on this day 1152 👉🏼 Frederick I Barbarossa elected Holy Roman Emperor 1238 👉🏼 Battle of the Sit River: Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Russian resistance 1789 👉🏼 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps). The supreme law of the United States of America, the US Constitution was drafted by the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention which took place between May 25 and September 17, 1787. It was…

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Burgruine Gösting: the castle ruins over Graz – Austria

Sitting in a valley surrounded by rugged hills, Graz is the second largest city in Austria and has historically been an important point of passage between Western and Eastern Europe. In medieval times, the hills around the city were fortified with watch towers and castles for defensive purposes. Few of these fortifications remain today, but one of the highest peaks still boasts the eerie ruins of one Gösting Castle, as a relic of the Holy Roman Empire. Due to its good strategic location, the castle controlled the narrow Mura valley…

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#March 3, 1875: Carmen, the opera that shocked Paris

Carmen, now one of the most popular and frequently performed operas in the world, had its premiere on this day, March 3 1875, in Paris. However, its story of an army officer’s seduction (and betrayal) by a voluptuous and sensuous cigarette factory worker stunned its French audience and the first performance was greeted with astonished silence. Until this “vulgar” new opera came along and shook the public, the composer, Georges Bizet, had enjoyed moderate success, but nobody was prepared for the opera’s theme of erotic obsession, the sight of women…

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#TodayInHistory – March 3

March 3 – Some Important Events on this day 1575 👉🏼 Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi 1857 👉🏼 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China! 1861 👉🏼 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens. Two years before Abraham Lincoln issued his very popular Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in the United States, the Russian Tsar moved to abolish its system of peasants and serfdom. The need to…

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#TodayInHistory – March 2

March 2 – Some Important Events on this day 1498 👉🏼 Explorer Vasco da Gama’s fleet visits Mozambique Island 1791 👉🏼 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris 🇫🇷 1796 👉🏼 Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French Army in Italy 1882 👉🏼 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor 🔫 1888 👉🏼 The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace 🚢 1956 👉🏼…

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#TodayInHistory – March 1

March 1 – Some Important Events on this day 1516 👉🏼 Printing is completed of Erasmus’ “Novum Instrumentum omne”, first published New Testament in Greek 1780 👉🏼Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only). 1692 👉🏼 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets. Perhaps the most notorious case of mass hysteria in colonial America, the Salem witch trials saw around 200 people accused of witchcraft, with 19 found guilty and executed. Another man was crushed to death for refusing to plead, while…

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#February 28, 1874: the curious case of the “baronet” from Wagga Wagga

Arthur Orton, who became known as the Tichborne Claimant, was found guilty of perjury on this day, February 28, 1874, after the longest trial in English history. The bizarre case, which gripped and fascinated all society, involved the son of a butcher in London’s East End, a missing English aristocrat, and the claims of a butcher from Wagga Wagga, Australia. But let’s start from the beginning. The Tichbornes were a prominent wealthy Catholic family whose stately home stood in rolling Hampshire farmland. In 1854, Roger Tichborne, heir to the family…

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